Thomas Paine citations

Thomas Paine photo
2   0

Thomas Paine

Date de naissance: 29. janvier 1737
Date de décès: 8. juin 1809
Autres noms:Пейн Томас

Publicité

Thomas Paine, né le 29 janvier 1737 à Thetford en Grande-Bretagne et mort le 8 juin 1809 à New York aux États-Unis, est un intellectuel, pamphlétaire, révolutionnaire britannique, américain et français. Il est connu pour son engagement durant la révolution américaine en faveur de l'indépendance des treize colonies britanniques en Amérique du Nord. Il a exposé ses positions dans un célèbre pamphlet intitulé Le Sens commun, publié quelques mois avant la signature de la Déclaration d’indépendance américaine en 1776.

Ses écrits, parmi lesquels figure Rights of Man , ont également exercé une grande influence sur les acteurs de la Révolution française : il est élu député à l’assemblée nationale en 1792. Considéré par les Montagnards comme un allié des Girondins, il est progressivement mis à l’écart, notamment par Robespierre, puis emprisonné en décembre 1793.

Après la Terreur, il est relâché et connaît un certain succès grâce à son livre Le Siècle de la raison qui analyse le christianisme et milite en faveur du déisme. Dans Agrarian Justice , il analyse les origines du droit de propriété et introduit le concept de revenu de base ou universel, proche du revenu minimum.

Thomas Paine resta en France jusqu’en 1802, période pendant laquelle il critique l’ascension de Napoléon Bonaparte, qualifiant le Premier Consul de « charlatan le plus parfait qui eût jamais existé ». Sur l’invitation du président Thomas Jefferson, il revient aux États-Unis où il meurt en 1809 à 72 ans.

Auteurs similaires

Anténor Firmin photo
Anténor Firmin1
homme politique et intellectuel haïtien
Che Guevara photo
Che Guevara4
révolutionnaire marxiste et internationaliste
Pier Paolo Pasolini photo
Pier Paolo Pasolini8
écrivain, poète, journaliste, scénariste et réalisateur ita…
Joseph Staline photo
Joseph Staline2
Secrétaire général du Comité central du Parti communiste de…
Antoine Lavoisier photo
Antoine Lavoisier8
chimiste, physicien et économiste français
Erich Maria Remarque photo
Erich Maria Remarque6
écrivain allemand
Jean-Marie Pelt photo
Jean-Marie Pelt22
biologiste, pharmacien, botaniste et écologue français
Ibn Khaldoun photo
Ibn Khaldoun6
philosophe, sociologue, historiographe et historien islamiq…

Citations Thomas Paine

Publicité

„The mind once enlightened cannot again become dark.“

—  Thomas Paine, A Letter Addressed to the Abbe Raynal on the Affairs of North America

„Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good.“

—  Thomas Paine, Rights of Man
Context: I speak an open and disinterested language, dictated by no passion but that of humanity. To me, who have not only refused offers, because I thought them improper, but have declined rewards I might with reputation have accepted, it is no wonder that meanness and imposition appear disgustful. Independence is my happiness, and I view things as they are, without regard to place or person; my country is the world, and my religion is to do good. Part 2.7 Chapter V. Ways and means of improving the condition of Europe, interspersed with miscellaneous observations

„When the rich plunder the poor of his rights, it becomes an example of the poor to plunder the rich of his property, for the rights of the one are as much property to him as wealth is property to the other and the little all is as dear as the much. It is only by setting out on just principles that men are trained to be just to each other; and it will always be found, that when the rich protect the rights of the poor, the poor will protect the property of the rich.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: It is from a strange mixture of tyranny and cowardice that exclusions have been set up and continued. The boldness to do wrong at first, changes afterwards into cowardly craft, and at last into fear. The Representatives in England appear now to act as if they were afraid to do right, even in part, lest it should awaken the nation to a sense of all the wrongs it has endured. This case serves to shew that the same conduct that best constitutes the safety of an individual, namely, a strict adherence to principle, constitutes also the safety of a Government, and that without it safety is but an empty name. When the rich plunder the poor of his rights, it becomes an example of the poor to plunder the rich of his property, for the rights of the one are as much property to him as wealth is property to the other and the little all is as dear as the much. It is only by setting out on just principles that men are trained to be just to each other; and it will always be found, that when the rich protect the rights of the poor, the poor will protect the property of the rich. But the guarantee, to be effectual, must be parliamentarily reciprocal.

„Toleration is not the opposite of Intolerance, but is the counterfeit of it. Both are despotisms.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: Toleration is not the opposite of Intolerance, but is the counterfeit of it. Both are despotisms. The one assumes to itself the right of withholding Liberty of Conscience, and the other of granting it. The one is the Pope armed with fire and faggot, and the other is the Pope selling or granting indulgences. The former is church and state, and the latter is church and traffic. Part 1.3 Rights of Man

Publicité

„We have every opportunity and every encouragement before us, to form the noblest purest constitution on the face of the earth. We have it in our power to begin the world over again.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: We have every opportunity and every encouragement before us, to form the noblest purest constitution on the face of the earth. We have it in our power to begin the world over again. A situation, similar to the present, hath not happened since the days of Noah until now. The birthday of a new world is at hand, and a race of men, perhaps as numerous as all Europe contains, are to receive their portion of freedom from the event of a few months.

„We profess, and we proclaim in peace, the pure, unmixed, comfortable, and rational belief of a God, as manifested to us in the universe.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: It was the excess to which imaginary systems of religion had been carried, and the intolerance, persecutions, burnings, and massacres, they occasioned, that first induced certain persons to propagate infidelity; thinking, that upon the whole, that it was better not to believe at all, than to believe a multitude of things and complicated creeds, that occasioned so much mischief in the world. But those days are past, persecution has ceased, and the antidote then set up against it has no longer even the shadow of apology. We profess, and we proclaim in peace, the pure, unmixed, comfortable, and rational belief of a God, as manifested to us in the universe. We do this without any apprehension of that belief being made a cause of persecution as other beliefs have been, or of suffering persecution ourselves. To God, and not to man, are all men to account for their belief.

„The study of theology as it stands in Christian churches, is the study of nothing; it is founded on nothing; it rests on no principles; it proceeds by no authorities; it has no data; it can demonstrate nothing; and admits of no conclusion.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: The study of theology as it stands in Christian churches, is the study of nothing; it is founded on nothing; it rests on no principles; it proceeds by no authorities; it has no data; it can demonstrate nothing; and admits of no conclusion. Not any thing can be studied as a science without our being in possession of the principles upon which it is founded; and as this is not the case with Christian theology, it is therefore the study of nothing. Chapter III: Conclusion.

„It must be in something that man could not make, that we must seek evidence for our belief, and that something is the universe; the true bible; the inimitable word, of God.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: The universe is the bible of a true Theophilanthropist. It is there that he reads of God. It is there that the proofs of his existence are to be sought and to be found. As to written or printed books, by whatever name they are called, they are the works of man's hands, and carry no evidence in themselves that God is the author of any of them. It must be in something that man could not make, that we must seek evidence for our belief, and that something is the universe; the true bible; the inimitable word, of God.

Publicité

„The sublime and the ridiculous are often so nearly related, that it is difficult to class them separately.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: The sublime and the ridiculous are often so nearly related, that it is difficult to class them separately. One step above the sublime makes the ridiculous, and one step above the ridiculous makes the sublime again. Chapter I: The Old Testament; this may be the origin of Napoleon's celebrated mot, Du sublime au ridicule il n'y a qu'un pas (From the sublime to the ridiculous there is but one step).

„The atheist who affects to reason, and the fanatic who rejects reason, plunge themselves alike into inextricable difficulties.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: The atheist who affects to reason, and the fanatic who rejects reason, plunge themselves alike into inextricable difficulties. The one perverts the sublime and enlightening study of natural philosophy into a deformity of absurdities by not reasoning to the end. The other loses himself in the obscurity of metaphysical theories, and dishonours the Creator, by treating the study of his works with contempt. The one is a half-rational of whom there is some hope, the other a visionary to whom we must be charitable.

„To take away this right is to reduce a man to slavery, for slavery consists in being subject to the will of another, and he that has not a vote in the election of representatives is in this case.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: The right of voting for representatives is the primary right by which other rights are protected. To take away this right is to reduce a man to slavery, for slavery consists in being subject to the will of another, and he that has not a vote in the election of representatives is in this case.

„Man cannot make principles, he can only discover them.“

—  Thomas Paine
Context: It is a fraud of the Christian system to call the sciences human invention; it is only the application of them that is human. Every science has for its basis a system of principles as fixed and unalterable as those by which the universe is regulated and governed. Man cannot make principles, he can only discover them.

Prochain
Anniversaires aujourd'hui
Andrea Pirlo photo
Andrea Pirlo9
footballeur italien 1979
Peter Wildeblood
écrivain britannique 1923 - 1999
Jacques Ellul photo
Jacques Ellul92
1912 - 1994
Charles Ives photo
Charles Ives
compositeur américain 1874 - 1954
Un autre 68 ans aujourd'hui
Auteurs similaires
Anténor Firmin photo
Anténor Firmin1
homme politique et intellectuel haïtien
Che Guevara photo
Che Guevara4
révolutionnaire marxiste et internationaliste
Pier Paolo Pasolini photo
Pier Paolo Pasolini8
écrivain, poète, journaliste, scénariste et réalisateur ita…