John Locke citations

John Locke photo
3   0

John Locke

Date de naissance: 29. août 1632
Date de décès: 28. octobre 1704

Publicité

John Locke est un philosophe anglais. Sa théorie de la connaissance était qualifiée d'empiriste car il considérait que l'expérience est l'origine de la connaissance. Sa théorie politique est l'une de celles qui fondèrent le libéralisme et la notion d'« État de droit ». Son influence fut considérable dans ces deux courants de pensée.

Auteurs similaires

Hannah Arendt photo
Hannah Arendt27
philosophe américaine d'origine allemande
Gilles Deleuze photo
Gilles Deleuze18
philosophe français
Martin Heidegger photo
Martin Heidegger16
philosophe allemand
Michel Onfray photo
Michel Onfray51
philosophe français
Hans Jonas4
philosophe allemand
Edmond Thiaudière photo
Edmond Thiaudière3
homme de lettres français
Louis Althusser3
philosophe français
Michel Foucault photo
Michel Foucault67
philosophe français
 Montesquieu photo
Montesquieu17
écrivain et philosophe français

Citations John Locke

„il n’y a rien dans monde qui puisse entrer en comparaison avec l’éternité.“

—  John Locke
Lettre sur la tolérance - Précédé de Essai sur la tolérance (1667) et de Sur la différence entre pouvoir ecclésiastique et pouvoir civil

Publicité

„The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation“

—  John Locke
Context: The Indians, whom we call barbarous, observe much more decency and civility in their discourses and conversation, giving one another a fair silent hearing till they have quite done; and then answering them calmly, and without noise or passion. And if it be not so in this civiliz'd part of the world, we must impute it to a neglect in education, which has not yet reform'd this antient piece of barbarity amongst us. Sec. 145

„Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours.“

—  John Locke
Context: This is that which I think great readers are apt to be mistaken in; those who have read of everything, are thought to understand everything too; but it is not always so. Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. We are of the ruminating kind, and it is not enough to cram ourselves with a great load of collections; unless we chew them over again, they will not give us strength and nourishment. As quoted in "Hand Book : Caution and Counsels" in The Common School Journal Vol. 5, No. 24 (15 December 1843) by Horace Mann, p. 371

„That force is to be opposed to nothing, but to unjust and unlawful force.“

—  John Locke
Context: To this I answer: That force is to be opposed to nothing, but to unjust and unlawful force. Whoever makes any opposition in any other case, draws on himself a just condemnation, both from God and man… Second Treatise of Government, Ch. XVIII, sec. 204

„Curiosity should be as carefully cherish'd in children, as other appetites suppress'd.“

—  John Locke
Context: They should always be heard, and fairly and kindly answer'd, when they ask after any thing they would know, and desire to be informed about. Curiosity should be as carefully cherish'd in children, as other appetites suppress'd. Sec. 108

Publicité

„Let a child but be ordered to whip his top at a certain time every day“

—  John Locke
Context: None of the things they learn, should ever be made a burthen to them, or impos's on them as a task. Whatever is so proposed, presently becomes irksome; the mind takes an aversion to it, though before it were a thing of delight or indifferency. Let a child but be ordered to whip his top at a certain time every day, whether he has or has not a mind to it; let this be but requir'd of him as a duty, wherein he must spend so many hours morning and afternoon, and see whether he will not soon be weary of any play at this rate. Is it not so with grown men? Sec. 73

„Bred a scholar he made his learning subservient only to the cause of truth.“

—  John Locke
Context: Stop Traveller! Near this place lieth John Locke. If you ask what kind of a man he was, he answers that he lived content with his own small fortune. Bred a scholar he made his learning subservient only to the cause of truth. This thou will learn from his writings, which will show thee everything else concerning him, with greater truth, than the suspect praises of an epitaph. His virtues, indeed, if he had any, were too little for him to propose as matter of praise to himself, or as an example to thee. Let his vices be buried together. As to an example of manners, if you seek that, you have it in the Gospels; of vices, to wish you have one nowhere; if mortality, certainly, (and may it profit thee), thou hast one here and everywhere. Epitaph, as translated from the Latin.

„Teach them humility, and to be good-natur'd“

—  John Locke
Context: Though the managing ourselves well in this part of our behavior has the name good-breeding, as if a peculiar effect of education; yet... young children should not be much perplexed about it... Teach them humility, and to be good-natur'd, if you can, and this sort of manners will not be wanting; civility being in truth nothing but a care not to shew any slighting or contempt of any one in conversation. Sec. 145

„We are all a sort of camelions, that still take a tincture from things near us“

—  John Locke
Context: We are all a sort of camelions, that still take a tincture from things near us; nor is it to be wonder'd at in children, who better understand what they see than what they hear. Sec. 67

Publicité

„False and doubtful positions, relied upon as unquestionable maxims, keep those who build on them in the dark from truth.“

—  John Locke
Context: False and doubtful positions, relied upon as unquestionable maxims, keep those who build on them in the dark from truth. Such are usually the prejudices imbibed from education, party, reverence, fashion, interest, et cetera. Book IV, Ch. 7

„The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom.“

—  John Locke
Context: The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom. For in all the states of created beings, capable of laws, where there is no law there is no freedom. Second Treatise of Government, Ch. VI, sec. 57

„The sooner you treat him as a man, the sooner he will begin to be one“

—  John Locke
Context: A father would do well, as his son grows up, and is capable of it, to talk familiarly with him; nay, ask his advice, and consult with him about those things wherein he has any knowledge or understanding. By this, the father will gain two things, both of great moment. The sooner you treat him as a man, the sooner he will begin to be one; and if you admit him into serious discourses sometimes with you, you will insensibly raise his mind above the usual amusements of youth, and those trifling occupations which it is commonly wasted in. For it is easy to observe, that many young men continue longer in thought and conversation of school-boys than otherwise they would, because their parents keep them at that distance, and in that low rank, by all their carriage to them. Sec. 95

„A criminal who, having renounced reason … hath, by the unjust violence and slaughter he hath committed upon one, declared war against all mankind, and therefore may be destroyed as a lion or tyger, one of those wild savage beasts with whom men can have no society nor security.“

—  John Locke
Context: A criminal who, having renounced reason … hath, by the unjust violence and slaughter he hath committed upon one, declared war against all mankind, and therefore may be destroyed as a lion or tyger, one of those wild savage beasts with whom men can have no society nor security. And upon this is grounded the great law of Nature, "Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed." Second Treatise of Civil Government, Ch. II, sec. 11

Prochain
Anniversaires aujourd'hui
Lillian Moller Gilbreth photo
Lillian Moller Gilbreth
psychologue et ingénieure industriel américaine 1878 - 1972
Priscilla Presley photo
Priscilla Presley
actrice américaine 1945
Nicolas Copernic photo
Nicolas Copernic6
médecin et astronome polonais de langue allemande (1473-156… 1473 - 1543
Duke Ellington photo
Duke Ellington
Musicien et compositeur de jazz américain 1899 - 1974
Un autre 49 ans aujourd'hui
Auteurs similaires
Hannah Arendt photo
Hannah Arendt27
philosophe américaine d'origine allemande
Gilles Deleuze photo
Gilles Deleuze18
philosophe français
Martin Heidegger photo
Martin Heidegger16
philosophe allemand
Michel Onfray photo
Michel Onfray51
philosophe français
Hans Jonas4
philosophe allemand