Jean Piaget citations

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Jean Piaget

Date de naissance: 9. août 1896
Date de décès: 16. septembre 1980

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Jean William Fritz Piaget, né le 9 août 1896 à Neuchâtel en Suisse et mort le 16 septembre 1980 à Genève, est un biologiste, psychologue, logicien et épistémologue suisse connu pour ses travaux en psychologie du développement et en épistémologie à travers ce qu'il a appelé l'épistémologie génétique .

L'éclairage qu'il apporte sur l'« intelligence », comprise comme une forme spécifique de l'adaptation du vivant à son milieu, sur les stades d'évolution de celle-ci chez l'enfant et sa théorie de l'apprentissage exerceront une influence notable sur la pédagogie et les méthodes éducatives.

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Citations Jean Piaget

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„It is as his own mind comes into contact with others that truth will begin to acquire value in the child's eyes and will consequently become a moral demand that can be made upon him.“

— Jean Piaget
Context: !-- Every thought that enters the head of a child of 2-3 does so from the first in the form of a belief and not in the form of a hypothesis to be verified. Hence the very young child's almost systematic romancing as with others and to which one cannot yet give the name of pseudo-lie, so close is the connection between primitive romancing and assertive belief. Hence finally, the pseudo-lie, which is a sort of romancing used for other people, and serving to pull the child out of any straight due to circumstances, from which he deems it perfectly natural to extricate himself by inventing a story. Just as, from the intellectual point of view the child will elude a difficult question by means of an improvised myth to which he will give momentary credence, so from the moral point of view, an embarrassing situation will give rise to a pseudo-lie. Nor does this involve anything more than an application of the general laws of primitive child thought, which is directed towards its own satisfaction rather than to objective truth. -->It is as his own mind comes into contact with others that truth will begin to acquire value in the child's eyes and will consequently become a moral demand that can be made upon him. As long as the child remains egocentric, truth as such will fail to interest him and he will see no harm in transposing facts in accordance with his desires. Ch. 2 : Adult Constraint and Moral Realism <!-- p. 165 -->

„If children fail to understand one another, it is because they think they understand one another.“

— Jean Piaget
Context: If children fail to understand one another, it is because they think they understand one another. The explainer believes from the start that the reproducer will grasp everything, will almost know beforehand all that should be known, and will interpret every subtlety. Children are perpetually surrounded by adults who not only know much more than they do, but who also do everything in their power to understand them, who even anticipate their thoughts and desires. Children, therefore... are perpetually under the impression that people can read their thoughts, and in extreme cases, can steal their thoughts away. It is obviously owing to this mentality that children do not take the trouble to express themselves clearly... This mentality does not contradict ego-centric mentality. Both arise from the belief of the child, the belief that he is the centre of the universe. These habits of thought account... for the remarkable lack of precision in the childish style. The Language and Thought of the Child (1923) Tr. Marjorie and Ruth Gabain (1926)

„In real life the child is in the presence, not of isolated acts, but of personalities that attract or repel him as a global whole.“

— Jean Piaget
Context: In real life the child is in the presence, not of isolated acts, but of personalities that attract or repel him as a global whole. He grasps people's intentions by direct intuition and cannot therefore abstract from them. He allows, more or less justly, for aggravating and attenuating circumstances. This is why the stories told by the children themselves often give rise to different evaluations from those suggested by the experimenter's stories. Ch. 2 : Adult Constraint and Moral Realism, § 1 : The Method <!-- p. 116 --> Ch. 2 : Adult Constraint and Moral Realism p. 132 -->

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