Richard Dawkins citations

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Richard Dawkins

Date de naissance: 26. mars 1941

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Richard Dawkins, né le 26 mars 1941 à Nairobi, est un biologiste et éthologiste britannique, vulgarisateur et théoricien de l'évolution, membre de la Royal Society. Professeur émérite au New College de l'université d'Oxford, Richard Dawkins est l'un des académiciens britanniques les plus célèbres.

Il acquiert la consécration avec son livre de 1976 intitulé The Selfish Gene , qui popularise la théorie de l'évolution centrée sur les gènes et introduit le terme de « mème ». En 1982, il développe cette théorie dans son ouvrage Phénotype étendu puis publie en 2006 The God Delusion , vendu à plus de deux millions d'exemplaires et traduit en trente et une langues.

Vice-président de la British Humanist Association, il est reconnu comme un ardent défenseur du rationalisme, de la pensée scientifique et de l'athéisme. Il est résolument anticlérical et est aussi l'un des principaux critiques anglo-saxons du créationnisme, du dessein intelligent et des pseudo-sciences. Il s'est rendu célèbre aussi pour sa controverse amicale, mais ferme, avec son collègue Stephen Jay Gould sur la question des équilibres ponctués.

En plus de ses nombreux ouvrages scientifiques, Dawkins promeut sa vision rationnelle au travers de films et documentaires, de conférences et de débats télévisés sur les grandes radios ou chaînes nationales du monde entier. Il complète son action sur le terrain associatif en créant et dirigeant la Fondation Richard Dawkins pour la Raison et la Science.

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Citations Richard Dawkins

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„The universe does not owe you a sense of hope.“

— Richard Dawkins
Context: "The universe does not owe you a sense of hope. It could be that the world, the universe, is a totally hopeless place. I don't as a matter of fact think it is, but even if it were - that would not be a good reason for believing in God. You cannot say "I believe in X", whatever X is - God or anything else - "because that gives me hope". You have to say "I believe in X because there is some evidence for X". In the case of God - there is not a tiny shred of evidence for the existence of any kind of god.” … “There's plenty of reason for hope in a Godless world. The universe is a beautiful place. The world is a beautiful place. To understand it in a clear-eyed, open-eyed way; to look out at the world and to really understand why we exist, what it's all about - that is a hugely uplifting feeling; That really does give a sense of worth to life, even if life itself is finite, as I believe it is. Nevertheless, it is not a hopeless life without a god, and to re-divert to my earlier point, even if it were - then it's just illogical to say that that gives you evidence for the belief in God." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=of-8Q3HySjE&t=44m08s

„The universe we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil and no good, nothing but blind, pitiless indifference.“

— Richard Dawkins
Context: The total amount of suffering per year in the natural world is beyond all decent contemplation. During the minute it takes me to compose this sentence, thousands of animals are being eaten alive; others are running for their lives, whimpering with fear; others are being slowly devoured from within by rasping parasites; thousands of all kinds are dying of starvation, thirst and disease. [... ] In a universe of blind physical forces and genetic replication, some people are going to get hurt, other people are going to get lucky, and you won't find any rhyme or reason in it, nor any justice. The universe we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil and no good, nothing but blind, pitiless indifference. DNA neither knows nor cares. DNA just is. And we dance to its music. pp. 131–132

„The evidence for evolution is at least as strong as the evidence for the Holocaust, even allowing for eye witnesses to the Holocaust.“

— Richard Dawkins
Context: Evolution is a fact. Beyond reasonable doubt, beyond serious doubt, beyond sane, informed, intelligent doubt, beyond doubt evolution is a fact. The evidence for evolution is at least as strong as the evidence for the Holocaust, even allowing for eye witnesses to the Holocaust. It is the plain truth that we are cousins of chimpanzees, somewhat more distant cousins of monkeys, more distant cousins still of aardvarks and manatees, yet more distant cousins of bananas and turnips... continue the list as long as desired. (p. 8)

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