Murray N. Rothbard citations

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Murray N. Rothbard

Date de naissance: 2. mars 1926
Date de décès: 7. janvier 1995
Autres noms:موری راتبارد

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Murray Newton Rothbard est un économiste et un philosophe politique américain, théoricien de l’école autrichienne d'économie , du libertarianisme et de l’anarcho-capitalisme.

L'ambition de Rothbard était d'élaborer un système théorique complet : c'est ainsi que son œuvre, composée d'une vingtaine d'ouvrages et de nombreux articles, explore à la fois les champs de l'économie, de la philosophie politique et de l'Histoire.

En tant que philosophe politique, Murray Rothbard a développé dans L'Éthique de la Liberté la théorie de l'anarcho-capitalisme fondée sur le droit naturel. En tant que théoricien de l'économie , il s'est servi de la praxéologie, théorie de l'action humaine de Ludwig von Mises pour exposer le fonctionnement d'un marché sans aucune intervention étatique et élaborer une réfutation des rationalisations courantes de l'intervention étatique. Ses travaux en histoire couvrent l'histoire politique , économique et l'histoire de la pensée économique .

Ses incursions dans la politique pratique se sont caractérisées par la recherche d'alliés aux franges de la société politique américaine, la "nouvelle gauche" dans les années 1970 , la droite conservatrice dans les années 1980. Très influencé par le courant de la Old Right américaine, il a défendu toute sa vie l'isolationnisme en politique étrangère, et fut un critique farouche de l'interventionnisme militaire des États-Unis.

L'influence de Rothbard fut considérable sur le mouvement libertarien en général. Il est un des principaux théoriciens de l'anarcho-capitalisme, et sa conception jusnaturaliste du libertarianisme est largement reprise par les libertariens contemporains. En économie, son magnum opus Man, Economy and State est considéré comme l'ouvrage le plus important de l'école autrichienne avec Human Action de Ludwig von Mises,,. Malgré le nom de celui-ci, Rothbard est la référence théorique principale de l'Institut Ludwig von Mises. Hans-Hermann Hoppe, qui avait repris sa chaire comme professeur d'économie à l'Université de Las Vegas, est son successeur direct et revendiqué.

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Citations Murray N. Rothbard

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„I define anarchist society as one where there is no legal possibility for coercive aggression against the person or property of any individual.“

—  Murray N. Rothbard
Context: I define anarchist society as one where there is no legal possibility for coercive aggression against the person or property of any individual. Anarchists oppose the State because it has its very being in such aggression, namely, the expropriation of private property through taxation, the coercive exclusion of other providers of defense service from its territory, and all of the other depredations and coercions that are built upon these twin foci of invasions of individual rights. "Society Without A State" in The Libertarian Forum (1975) http://www.mises.org/journals/lf/1975/1975_01.pdf.

„In 1756 Edmund Burke published his first work: Vindication of Natural Society. Curiously enough it has been almost completely ignored in the current Burke revival.“

—  Murray N. Rothbard
Context: In 1756 Edmund Burke published his first work: Vindication of Natural Society. Curiously enough it has been almost completely ignored in the current Burke revival. This work contrasts sharply with Burke’s other writings, for it is hardly in keeping with the current image of the Father of the New Conservatism. A less conservative work could hardly be imagined; in fact, Burke’s Vindication was perhaps the first modern expression of rationalistic and individualistic anarchism. … "Anarchism" is an extreme term, but no other can adequately describe Burke’s thesis. Again and again, he emphatically denounces any and all government, and not just specific forms of government. … All government, Burke adds, is founded on one "grand error." It was observed that men sometimes commit violence against one another, and that it is therefore necessary to guard against such violence. As a result, men appoint governors among them. But who is to defend the people against the governors? … The anarchism of Burke’s Vindication is negative, rather than positive. It consists of an attack on the State rather than a positive blueprint of the type of society which Burke would regard as ideal. Consequently, both the communist and the individualist wings of anarchism have drawn sustenance from this work. "Edmund Burke, Anarchist" http://archive.lewrockwell.com/rothbard/rothbard11.html, first published as "A Note on Burke’s Vindication of Natural Society" in the Journal of the History of Ideas, 19, 1 (January 1958), p. 114.

„A less conservative work could hardly be imagined; in fact, Burke’s Vindication was perhaps the first modern expression of rationalistic and individualistic anarchism.“

—  Murray N. Rothbard
Context: In 1756 Edmund Burke published his first work: Vindication of Natural Society. Curiously enough it has been almost completely ignored in the current Burke revival. This work contrasts sharply with Burke’s other writings, for it is hardly in keeping with the current image of the Father of the New Conservatism. A less conservative work could hardly be imagined; in fact, Burke’s Vindication was perhaps the first modern expression of rationalistic and individualistic anarchism. … "Anarchism" is an extreme term, but no other can adequately describe Burke’s thesis. Again and again, he emphatically denounces any and all government, and not just specific forms of government. … All government, Burke adds, is founded on one "grand error." It was observed that men sometimes commit violence against one another, and that it is therefore necessary to guard against such violence. As a result, men appoint governors among them. But who is to defend the people against the governors? … The anarchism of Burke’s Vindication is negative, rather than positive. It consists of an attack on the State rather than a positive blueprint of the type of society which Burke would regard as ideal. Consequently, both the communist and the individualist wings of anarchism have drawn sustenance from this work. "Edmund Burke, Anarchist" http://archive.lewrockwell.com/rothbard/rothbard11.html, first published as "A Note on Burke’s Vindication of Natural Society" in the Journal of the History of Ideas, 19, 1 (January 1958), p. 114.

„Consequently, both the communist and the individualist wings of anarchism have drawn sustenance from this work.“

—  Murray N. Rothbard
Context: In 1756 Edmund Burke published his first work: Vindication of Natural Society. Curiously enough it has been almost completely ignored in the current Burke revival. This work contrasts sharply with Burke’s other writings, for it is hardly in keeping with the current image of the Father of the New Conservatism. A less conservative work could hardly be imagined; in fact, Burke’s Vindication was perhaps the first modern expression of rationalistic and individualistic anarchism. … "Anarchism" is an extreme term, but no other can adequately describe Burke’s thesis. Again and again, he emphatically denounces any and all government, and not just specific forms of government. … All government, Burke adds, is founded on one "grand error." It was observed that men sometimes commit violence against one another, and that it is therefore necessary to guard against such violence. As a result, men appoint governors among them. But who is to defend the people against the governors? … The anarchism of Burke’s Vindication is negative, rather than positive. It consists of an attack on the State rather than a positive blueprint of the type of society which Burke would regard as ideal. Consequently, both the communist and the individualist wings of anarchism have drawn sustenance from this work. "Edmund Burke, Anarchist" http://archive.lewrockwell.com/rothbard/rothbard11.html, first published as "A Note on Burke’s Vindication of Natural Society" in the Journal of the History of Ideas, 19, 1 (January 1958), p. 114.

„All interstate wars intensify aggression – maximize it“

—  Murray N. Rothbard
Context: All interstate wars intensify aggression – maximize it … some wars are even more unjust than others. In other words, all government wars are unjust, although some governments have less unjust claims… As quoted in an interview in Reason magazine (February 1973) http://www.antiwar.com/orig/rothbard_on_war.html.

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„It is the state that is robbing all classes, rich and poor, black and white alike; it is the state that is ripping us all off; it is the state that is the common enemy of mankind.“

—  Murray N. Rothbard
, “The Noblest Cause of All,” Address to the Libertarian Party Convention (1977), Lewrockwell.com https://www.lewrockwell.com/1970/01/murray-n-rothbard/the-noblest-cause-of-all/

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