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Max Planck

Date de naissance: 23. avril 1858
Date de décès: 4. octobre 1947
Autres noms: 马克斯·普朗克

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Max Planck, né Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck le 23 avril 1858 à Kiel, dans le duché de Schleswig , et mort le 4 octobre 1947 à Göttingen, en Allemagne , est un physicien allemand. Il fut lauréat du prix Nobel de physique de 1918 pour ses travaux en théorie des quanta. Il a reçu la médaille Lorentz en 1927 et le prix Goethe en 1945. Max Planck fut l'un des fondateurs de la mécanique quantique. De ses travaux fut conceptualisée l'ère de Planck, période de l'histoire de l'Univers au cours de laquelle les quatre interactions fondamentales étaient unifiées.

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Citations Max Planck

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„As a man who has devoted his whole life to the most clearheaded science, to the study of matter, I can tell you as a result of my research about the atoms this much: There is no matter as such! All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particles of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together.... We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent Spirit. This Spirit is the matrix of all matter.“

—  Max Planck
Das Wesen der Materie [The Nature of Matter], a 1944 speech in Florence, Italy, Archiv zur Geschichte der Max‑ Planck‑ Gesellschaft, Abt. Va, Rep. 11 Planck, Nr. 1797; the German original is as quoted in The Spontaneous Healing of Belief https://archive.org/stream/GreggBradenTheSpontaneousHealingOfBelief/Gregg%20Braden/Gregg%20Braden%20-%20The%20Spontaneous%20Healing%20Of%20Belief#page/n1 (2008) by Gregg Braden, p. 212; Braden mistranslates intelligenten Geist as "intelligent Mind", which is an obvious tautology.

„Science cannot solve the ultimate mystery of nature. And that is because, in the last analysis, we ourselves are part of nature and therefore part of the mystery that we are trying to solve.“

—  Max Planck, Where is Science Going?
Where is Science Going? (1932) Variants: Science cannot solve the ultimate mystery of nature. And that is because, in the last analysis, we ourselves are a part of the mystery that we are trying to solve. Science cannot solve the ultimate mystery of nature, for in the final analysis we ourselves are part of the mystery we are trying to solve.

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„An experiment is a question which science poses to Nature and a measurement is the recording of Nature's answer.“

—  Max Planck, Scientific Autobiography and Other Papers
Context: Experimenters are the schocktroops of science… An experiment is a question which science poses to Nature, and a measurement is the recording of Nature’s answer. But before an experiment can be performed, it must be planned – the question to nature must be formulated before being posed. Before the result of a measurement can be used, it must be interpreted – Nature’s answer must be understood properly. These two tasks are those of theorists, who find himself always more and more dependent on the tools of abstract mathematics. Scientific Autobiography and Other Papers (1949)

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„Experiments are the only means of knowledge at our disposal. The rest is poetry, imagination.“

—  Max Planck
As quoted in Advances in Biochemical Psychopharmacology, Vol. 25 (1980), p. 3 <!-- alos in Molecular Quantum Mechanics (2005) by P. Atkins and R. Friedman, p. 7 -->

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