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Marie Curie

Date de naissance: 7. novembre 1867
Date de décès: 4. juillet 1934
Autres noms:Marie Curie-Sklodowská, Maria Curieová-Sklodowská

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Marie Skłodowska-Curie, née Maria Salomea Skłodowska le 7 novembre 1867 à Varsovie, au sein du Royaume du Congrès , et morte le 4 juillet 1934 au sanatorium de Sancellemoz situé à Passy , est une physicienne et chimiste polonaise, naturalisée française.

Pierre Curie — son époux — et Marie Curie reçoivent une moitié du prix Nobel de physique de 1903 pour leurs recherches sur les radiations. En 1911, elle obtient le prix Nobel de chimie pour ses travaux sur le polonium et le radium.

Scientifique d'exception, elle est la première femme à avoir reçu le prix Nobel, et à ce jour la seule femme à en avoir reçu deux. Elle reste à ce jour la seule lauréate à avoir été récompensée dans deux domaines scientifiques distincts .

Elle est également la première femme lauréate en 1903, avec son mari, de la médaille Davy pour ses travaux sur le radium.

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Citations Marie Curie

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„Life is not easy for any of us. But what of that? We must have perseverance and above all confidence in ourselves. We must believe that we are gifted for something, and that this thing, at whatever cost, must be attained.“

—  Marie Curie
'La vie n’est facile pour aucun de nous. Mais quoi, il faut avoir de la persévérance, et surtout de la confiance en soi. Il faut croire que l’on est doué pour quelque chose, et que, cette chose, il faut l'atteindre coûte que coûte.' As quoted in Madame Curie : A Biography (1937) by Eve Curie Labouisse, Part 2, p. 116

„Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood.“

—  Marie Curie
Context: Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less. As quoted in Our Precarious Habitat (1973) by Melvin A. Benarde, p. v

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„Be less curious about people and more curious about ideas.“

—  Marie Curie
Response to a reporter seeking an interview during a vacation with her husband in Brittany, who mistaking her for a housekeeper, asked her if there was anything confidential she could recount, as quoted in Living Adventures in Science‎ (1972), by Henry Thomas and Dana Lee Thomas <!-- Pierre died in 1906, so this comment dates to before that time, possibly to a trip in 1897 --> Variant: In science, we must be interested in things, not in persons. This is stated to be a declaration she often made to reporters, in Madame Curie : A Biography (1937) by Eve Curie Labouisse, as translated by Vincent Sheean, p. 222

„I am among those who think that science has great beauty.“

—  Marie Curie
Context: I am among those who think that science has great beauty. A scientist in his laboratory is not only a technician: he is also a child placed before natural phenomena which impress him like a fairy tale. We should not allow it to be believed that all scientific progress can be reduced to mechanisms, machines, gearings, even though such machinery also has its beauty. Neither do I believe that the spirit of adventure runs any risk of disappearing in our world. If I see anything vital around me, it is precisely that spirit of adventure, which seems indestructible and is akin to curiosity. As quoted in Madame Curie : A Biography (1937) by Eve Curie Labouisse, as translated by Vincent Sheean, p. 341 Variant translation: A scientist in his laboratory is not a mere technician: he is also a child confronting natural phenomena that impress him as though they were fairy tales.

„Humanity needs practical men, who get the most out of their work, and, without forgetting the general good, safeguard their own interests. But humanity also needs dreamers, for whom the disinterested development of an enterprise is so captivating that it becomes impossible for them to devote their care to their own material profit.“

—  Marie Curie
Context: Humanity needs practical men, who get the most out of their work, and, without forgetting the general good, safeguard their own interests. But humanity also needs dreamers, for whom the disinterested development of an enterprise is so captivating that it becomes impossible for them to devote their care to their own material profit. Without doubt, these dreamers do not deserve wealth, because they do not desire it. Even so, a well-organized society should assure to such workers the efficient means of accomplishing their task, in a life freed from material care and freely consecrated to research. As quoted in Astrophysics of the Diffuse Universe (2003) by Michael A. Dopita and Ralph S. Sutherland

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„All my life through, the new sights of Nature made me rejoice like a child.“

—  Marie Curie
Pierre Curie (1923), as translated by Charlotte Kellogg and Vernon Lyman Kellogg, p. 162

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