Margaret Thatcher citations

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Margaret Thatcher

Date de naissance: 13. octobre 1925
Date de décès: 8. avril 2013
Autres noms:Margaret Thatcherová,Margaret Hilda Thatcher

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Margaret Hilda, baronne Thatcher, née Roberts le 13 octobre 1925 à Grantham et morte le 8 avril 2013 à Londres, est une femme d'État britannique.

Fille d'un épicier et d'une couturière, elle est chimiste, puis avocate de profession. Elle fait son entrée au Parlement du Royaume-Uni en 1959 et occupe la fonction de secrétaire d'État à l'Éducation et aux Sciences dans le gouvernement Heath, de 1970 à 1974.

Elle est la première femme à diriger le Parti conservateur, de 1975 à 1990. Elle est également la première femme à occuper les fonctions de Premier ministre du Royaume-Uni, du 4 mai 1979 au 28 novembre 1990. Arrivée au pouvoir dans un pays en situation d'instabilité, Margaret Thatcher en redresse l'économie en mettant en place une série de réformes radicales. Remportant trois élections générales consécutives, elle effectue le plus long mandat ininterrompu de Premier ministre au Royaume-Uni depuis Robert Jenkinson , et est considérée comme étant la plus renommée des leaders politiques britanniques depuis Winston Churchill.

Attachée à ses convictions chrétiennes méthodistes, conservatrices et libérales, invoquant la souveraineté britannique, la protection de l'intérêt de ses administrés et les principes de droit, elle mène une politique étrangère marquée par l'opposition à l'URSS, la promotion de l'atlantisme, la guerre des Malouines, en 1982, et la promotion d'une Europe libre-échangiste au sein de la Communauté économique européenne. Sa politique économique, fortement influencée par les idées issues du libéralisme économique, se distingue par d'importantes privatisations, la baisse des impôts directs, la maîtrise de l'inflation et du déficit public, ainsi que par l'affaiblissement des syndicats. Elle s'accompagne d'une hausse puis d'une baisse du chômage, d'un accroissement des inégalités économiques, d'une augmentation des impôts indirects et prélèvements obligatoires. L'ensemble de ses politiques, et notamment sa politique économique libérale, est connu sous le nom de « thatchérisme ».

Margaret Thatcher est l'une des figures politiques britanniques à la fois les plus admirées et les plus détestées. Le surnom de « Dame de fer », que le journal L'Étoile rouge, organe de l'armée soviétique, lui décerne en janvier 1976 dans le but de stigmatiser son anticommunisme, symbolise sa fermeté face aux grévistes de la faim de l'IRA provisoire en 1981 ou aux mineurs grévistes en 1984-1985. Elle reste associée à la « révolution conservatrice » des années 1980. En effet, l'influence de son passage au gouvernement du Royaume-Uni est souvent qualifiée de « révolution » sur les plans politique, idéologique, et économique.

Au-delà des conservateurs, elle a influencé une partie des travaillistes, notamment Tony Blair.

Citations Margaret Thatcher

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„In politics, if you want anything said, ask a man; if you want anything done, ask a woman.“

— Margaret Thatcher
Speech to members of the National Union of Townswomen’s Guilds, delivered at the Royal Albert Hall (May 20, 1965) ; as quoted in Why Women Should Rule the World, HarperCollins (2008), Dee Dee Myers, p. 227 : . The [http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/101374 Margaret Thatcher Foundation] gives the following additional information : MT spoke on the theme ‘Woman – No Longer a Satellite.’ The Evening News report of this speech is the origin of a phrase often attributed to her : ‘In politics, ... (etc., as above).’

„Being powerful is like being a lady. If you have to tell people you are, you aren't.“

— Margaret Thatcher
Often attributed to Thatcher, but originally said by Jesse Carr, head of Teamsters Union Local, in Newsweek, Vol. 88 (1976), p. 77

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„The Russians are bent on world dominance, and they are rapidly acquiring the means to become the most powerful imperial nation the world has seen. The men in the Soviet politburo don't have to worry about the ebb and flow of public opinion. They put guns before butter, while we put just about everything before guns.“

— Margaret Thatcher
Context: She's ruled by a dictatorship of patient, far-sighted determined men who are rapidly making their country the foremost naval and military power in the world. They are not doing this solely for the sake of self-defence. A huge, largely land-locked country like Russia does not need to build the most powerful navy in the world just to guard its own frontiers. No. The Russians are bent on world dominance, and they are rapidly acquiring the means to become the most powerful imperial nation the world has seen. The men in the Soviet politburo don't have to worry about the ebb and flow of public opinion. They put guns before butter, while we put just about everything before guns. They know that they are a super power in only one sense— the military sense. They are a failure in human and economic terms. [http://www.margaretthatcher.org/speeches/displaydocument.asp?docid=102939 Speech at Kensington Town Hall ("Britain Awake") (19 January 1976)] In response to this speech, the Soviet Army newspaper Red Star labelled Thatcher "the Iron Lady," a moniker that would stick for the remainder of her political career.

„When you take into public ownership a profitable industry, the profits soon disappear. The goose that laid the golden eggs goes broody. State geese are not great layers.“

— Margaret Thatcher
Context: The Socialists tell us that there are massive profits in a particular industry and they should not go to the shareholders—but that the public should reap the benefits. Benefits? What benefits? When you take into public ownership a profitable industry, the profits soon disappear. The goose that laid the golden eggs goes broody. State geese are not great layers. The steel industry was nationalised some years ago in the public interest—yet the only interest now left to the public is in witnessing the depressing spectacle of their money going down the drain at a rate of a million pounds a day. [http://www.margaretthatcher.org/document/102947 Speech to Finchley Conservatives (31 January 1976)]

„We have not successfully rolled back the frontiers of the state in Britain, only to see them re-imposed at a European level with a European super-state exercising a new dominance from Brussels“

— Margaret Thatcher
Context: Mr. Chairman, you have invited me to speak on the subject of Britain and Europe. Perhaps I should congratulate you on your courage. If you believe some of the things said and written about my views on Europe, it must seem rather like inviting Genghis Khan to speak on the virtues of peaceful coexistence!... The European Community is one manifestation of that European identity, but it is not the only one. We must never forget that east of the Iron Curtain, peoples who once enjoyed a full share of European culture, freedom and identity have been cut off from their roots. We shall always look on Warsaw, Prague and Budapest as great European cities... To try to suppress nationhood and concentrate power at the centre of a European conglomerate would be highly damaging and would jeopardise the objectives we seek to achieve. Europe will be stronger precisely because it has France as France, Spain as Spain, Britain as Britain, each with its own customs, traditions and identity. It would be folly to try to fit them into some sort of identikit European personality... it is ironic that just when those countries such as the Soviet Union, which have tried to run everything from the centre, are learning that success depends on dispersing power and decisions away from the centre, there are some in the Community who seem to want to move in the opposite direction. We have not successfully rolled back the frontiers of the state in Britain, only to see them re-imposed at a European level with a European super-state exercising a new dominance from Brussels. [http://www.margaretthatcher.org/speeches/displaydocument.asp?docid=107332 The Bruges Speech (20 September 1988)]

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