Franklin Delano Roosevelt citations

Franklin Delano Roosevelt foto
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Date de naissance: 30. janvier 1882
Date de décès: 12. avril 1945
Autres noms:Франклин Рузвельт

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt , né le 30 janvier 1882 à Hyde Park, dans l’État de New York, et mort le 12 avril 1945 à Warm Springs, dans l’État de Géorgie, est un homme d'État américain, trente-deuxième président des États-Unis. Figure centrale du XXe siècle, il fut le seul président américain à être élu à quatre reprises. Il ne fit qu'entamer son quatrième mandat, emporté par la maladie quelques mois après le début de celui-ci.

Confronté à la Grande Dépression, Roosevelt mit en œuvre le New Deal, un programme de relance de l’économie et de lutte contre le chômage. Il réforma le système bancaire américain, et fonda la Sécurité sociale. Il créa de nombreuses agences gouvernementales telles que la Works Progress Administration, la National Recovery Administration ou l’Agricultural Adjustment Administration. Il réussit à élaborer un nouveau mode de présidence, plus interventionniste et plus actif grâce à son équipe de conseillers, appelée Brain Trust.

Roosevelt fut l’un des principaux acteurs de la Seconde Guerre mondiale et rompit avec l’isolationnisme traditionnel de son pays. Avant l’entrée en guerre des États-Unis, il lança le programme Lend-Lease afin de fournir les pays alliés en matériel de guerre. Après l’attaque de Pearl Harbor, il assuma pleinement ses fonctions de commandant en chef de l’armée américaine et prépara largement la victoire des Alliés. Il tint un rôle de premier plan dans la transformation du monde à la sortie du conflit, et inspira notamment la fondation de l'ONU. Critiqué par les uns, admiré par les autres, il a laissé une très forte empreinte dans l'histoire de son pays et celle du monde. Sa longévité à la présidence des États-Unis restera unique : Deux ans après sa mort, le 21 mars 1947, le congrès des États-Unis adopte le XXIIe amendement de sa constitution, fixant à deux le nombre de mandats que peut exercer un président des États-Unis, consécutifs ou non.

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Citations Franklin Delano Roosevelt

„Let me warn you, and let me warn the nation, against the smooth evasion that says: "Of course we believe these things.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: Let me warn you, and let me warn the nation, against the smooth evasion that says: "Of course we believe these things. We believe in social security. We believe in work for the unemployed. We believe in saving homes. Cross our hearts and hope to die! We believe in all these things. But we do not like the way that the present administration is doing them. Just turn them over to us. We will do all of them, we will do more of them, we will do them better and, most important of all, the doing of them will not cost anybody anything!"

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„The Federal Government must and shall quit this business of relief.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: The lessons of history, confirmed by the evidence immediately before me, show conclusively that continued dependence upon relief induces a spiritual and moral disintegration fundamentally destructive to the national fibre. To dole out relief in this way is to administer a narcotic, a subtle destroyer of the human spirit. It is inimical to the dictates of sound policy. It is in violation of the traditions of America. Work must be found for able-bodied but destitute workers. The Federal Government must and shall quit this business of relief.

„A statesman deals with concrete difficulties — with things which must be done from day to day. Not often can he frame conscious patterns for the far off future.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: It seldom helps to wonder how a statesman of one generation would surmount the crisis of another. A statesman deals with concrete difficulties — with things which must be done from day to day. Not often can he frame conscious patterns for the far off future. But the fullness of the stature of Lincoln's nature and the fundamental conflict which events forced upon his Presidency invite us ever to turn to him for help. For the issue which he restated here at Gettysburg seventy five years ago will be the continuing issue before this Nation so long as we cling to the purposes for which the Nation was founded — to preserve under the changing conditions of each generation a people's government for the people's good.

„The true conservative seeks to protect the system of private property and free enterprise by correcting such injustices and inequalities as arise from it.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: The true conservative seeks to protect the system of private property and free enterprise by correcting such injustices and inequalities as arise from it. The most serious threat to our institutions comes from those who refuse to face the need for change. Liberalism becomes the protection for the far-sighted conservative. Never has a Nation made greater strides in the safeguarding of democracy than we have made during the past three years. Wise and prudent men — intelligent conservatives — have long known that in a changing world worthy institutions can be conserved only by adjusting them to the changing time. In the words of the great essayist, "The voice of great events is proclaiming to us. Reform if you would preserve." I am that kind of conservative because I am that kind of liberal. Roosevelt here slightly misquotes Thomas Babington Macaulay, who in a speech on parliamentary reform (2 March 1831) asserted: "The voice of great events is proclaiming to us, Reform, that you may preserve."

„The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: In the future days which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms. The first is freedom of speech and expression — everywhere in the world. The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way — everywhere in the world. The third is freedom from want, which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants — everywhere in the world. The fourth is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor — anywhere in the world. That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation.

„In the face of great perils never before encountered, our strong purpose is to protect and to perpetuate the integrity of democracy.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: In the face of great perils never before encountered, our strong purpose is to protect and to perpetuate the integrity of democracy. For this we muster the spirit of America, and the faith of America. We do not retreat. We are not content to stand still. As Americans, we go forward, in the service of our country, by the will of God.

„And so today, in this year of war“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: And so today, in this year of war, 1945, we have learned lessons — at a fearful cost — and we shall profit by them.

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„This country seeks no conquest. We have no imperial designs. From day to day and year to year, we are establishing a more perfect assurance of peace with our neighbors.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: This country seeks no conquest. We have no imperial designs. From day to day and year to year, we are establishing a more perfect assurance of peace with our neighbors. We rejoice especially in the prosperity, the stability and the independence of all of the American Republics. We not only earnestly desire peace, but we are moved by a stern determination to avoid those perils that will endanger our peace with the world.

„I regard reduction in Federal spending as one of the most important issues in this campaign.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: I regard reduction in Federal spending as one of the most important issues in this campaign. In my opinion it is the most direct and effective contribution that Government can make to business. Campaign Address on the Federal Budget at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (October 19, 1932), quoted in The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Volume 1, p. 809. [http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=ppotpus;cc=ppotpus;q1=I%20regard%20reduction%20in%20Federal%20spending;rgn=full%20text;idno=4925052.1928.001;didno=4925052.1928.001;view=image;seq=00000861][http://books.google.com/books?id=LD13AAAAMAAJ&q=%22I+regard+reduction+in+Federal+spending+as+one+of+the+most+important+issues+%22&dq=%22I+regard+reduction+in+Federal+spending+as+one+of+the+most+important+issues+%22&hl=en&ei=Zj0nTsuYAc3isQLHrKk7&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAjgU][http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=88399#ixzz1LgbHf7LQ]

„I wish I could keep war from all Nations; but that is beyond my power. I can at least make certain that no act of the United States helps to produce or to promote war.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: I wish I could keep war from all Nations; but that is beyond my power. I can at least make certain that no act of the United States helps to produce or to promote war. I can at least make clear that the conscience of America revolts against war and that any Nation which provokes war forfeits the sympathy of the people of the United States.

„In the future days which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.
The first is freedom of speech and expression“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: In the future days which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms. The first is freedom of speech and expression — everywhere in the world. The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way — everywhere in the world. The third is freedom from want, which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants — everywhere in the world. The fourth is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor — anywhere in the world. That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation.

Publicité

„Unhappy events abroad have retaught us two simple truths about the liberty of a democratic people. The first truth is that the liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic State itself.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: Unhappy events abroad have retaught us two simple truths about the liberty of a democratic people. The first truth is that the liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic State itself. That, in its essence, is fascism — ownership of government by an individual, by a group or by any other controlling private power. The second truth is that the liberty of a democracy is not safe if its business system does not provide employment and produce and distribute goods in such a way as to sustain an acceptable standard of living. Both lessons hit home. Among us today a concentration of private power without equal in history is growing. [http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article12058.htm Simple Truths message to Congress] (April 29, 1938). [http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=15637] [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,759590,00.html]

„Prophets of the downfall of American democracy have seen their dire predictions come to naught.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: For action has been taken within the three-way framework of the Constitution of the United States. The coordinate branches of the Government continue freely to function. The Bill of Rights remains inviolate. The freedom of elections is wholly maintained. Prophets of the downfall of American democracy have seen their dire predictions come to naught.

„There are men who doubt this. There are men who believe that democracy, as a form of Government and a frame of life, is limited or measured by a kind of mystical and artificial fate — that, for some unexplained reason, tyranny and slavery have become the surging wave of the future — and that freedom is an ebbing tide.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: There are men who doubt this. There are men who believe that democracy, as a form of Government and a frame of life, is limited or measured by a kind of mystical and artificial fate — that, for some unexplained reason, tyranny and slavery have become the surging wave of the future — and that freedom is an ebbing tide. But we Americans know that this is not true.

„A long record has been written. In that record, both in this State and in the national capital, you will find a simple, clear and consistent adherence not only to the letter, but to the spirit of the American form of government.“

— Franklin D. Roosevelt
Context: Desperate in mood, angry at failure, cunning in purpose, individuals and groups are seeking to make Communism an issue in an election where Communism is not a controversy between the two major parties. Here and now, once and for all, let us bury that red herring, and destroy that false issue. You are familiar with my background; you know my heritage; and you are familiar, especially in the State of New York, with my public service extending back over a quarter of a century. For nearly four years I have been President of the United States. A long record has been written. In that record, both in this State and in the national capital, you will find a simple, clear and consistent adherence not only to the letter, but to the spirit of the American form of government.

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