Fedor Dostoïevski citations

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Fedor Dostoïevski

Date de naissance: 11. novembre 1821
Date de décès: 9. février 1881
Autres noms:Fiodor Michajlovič Dostojevskij,Fëdor Michajlovič Dostoevskij,Fjodor Michailowitsch Dostojewski

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Fiodor Mikhaïlovitch Dostoïevski est un écrivain russe, né à Moscou le 11 novembre 1821 et mort à Saint-Pétersbourg le 9 février 1881. Considéré comme l'un des plus grands romanciers russes, il a influencé de nombreux écrivains et philosophes.

Après une enfance difficile, il fréquente une école d'officiers et se lie avec les mouvements progressistes pétersbourgeois. Arrêté en avril 1849, condamné à mort, il est finalement déporté dans un bagne de Sibérie pendant quatre ans. Redevenu sous-lieutenant, il démissionne de l'armée en 1859 et s'engage complètement dans l'écriture. Épileptique, joueur couvert de dettes et d'un caractère sombre, Dostoïevski fuit ses créanciers et mène une vie d'errance en Europe au cours de laquelle il abandonne toute foi dans le socialisme et devient un patriote convaincu.

Écrivain admiré après la publication de Crime et Châtiment et de L'Idiot , l'auteur publie ses œuvres les plus abouties, Les Démons et Les Frères Karamazov .

Les romans de Dostoïevski sont parfois qualifiés de « métaphysiques », tant la question angoissée du libre arbitre et de l'existence de Dieu est au cœur de sa réflexion, tout comme la figure du Christ. Cependant, ses œuvres ne sont pas des « romans à thèse », mais des romans où s'opposent de façon dialectique des points de vue différents avec des personnages qui se construisent eux-mêmes, au travers de leurs actes et de leurs interactions sociales. Dostoïevski chemine sur différents thèmes de la nature humaine et de la condition humaine.

Citations Fedor Dostoïevski

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„They tease me now, telling me it was only a dream. But does it matter whether it was a dream or reality, if the dream made known to me the truth?“

— Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Context: Yes, I dreamed a dream, my dream of the third of November. They tease me now, telling me it was only a dream. But does it matter whether it was a dream or reality, if the dream made known to me the truth? If once one has recognized the truth and seen it, you know that it is the truth and that there is no other and there cannot be, whether you are asleep or awake. Let it be a dream, so be it, but that real life of which you make so much I had meant to extinguish by suicide, and my dream, my dream — oh, it revealed to me a different life, renewed, grand and full of power! II

„If anyone could prove to me that Christ is outside the truth, and if the truth really did exclude Christ, I should prefer to stay with Christ and not with truth.“

— Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Context: I want to say to you, about myself, that I am a child of this age, a child of unfaith and scepticism, and probably (indeed I know it) shall remain so to the end of my life. How dreadfully has it tormented me (and torments me even now) this longing for faith, which is all the stronger for the proofs I have against it. And yet God gives me sometimes moments of perfect peace; in such moments I love and believe that I am loved; in such moments I have formulated my creed, wherein all is clear and holy to me. This creed is extremely simple; here it is: I believe that there is nothing lovelier, deeper, more sympathetic, more rational, more manly, and more perfect than the Saviour; I say to myself with jealous love that not only is there no one else like Him, but that there could be no one. I would even say more: If anyone could prove to me that Christ is outside the truth, and if the truth really did exclude Christ, I should prefer to stay with Christ and not with truth. Letter To Mme. N. D. Fonvisin (1854), as published in Letters of Fyodor Michailovitch Dostoevsky to his Family and Friends (1914), translated by Ethel Golburn Mayne, Letter XXI, p. 71 <!-- London: Chatto & Windus -->

„The romantic is always intelligent“

— Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Context: The characteristics of our "romantics" are absolutely and directly opposed to the transcendental European type, and no European standard can be applied to them. (Allow me to make use of this word "romantic" — an old-fashioned and much respected word which has done good service and is familiar to all.) The characteristics of our romantics are to understand everything, to see everything and to see it often incomparably more clearly than our most realistic minds see it; to refuse to accept anyone or anything, but at the same time not to despise anything; to give way, to yield, from policy; never to lose sight of a useful practical object (such as rent-free quarters at the government expense, pensions, decorations), to keep their eye on that object through all the enthusiasms and volumes of lyrical poems, and at the same time to preserve "the sublime and the beautiful" inviolate within them to the hour of their death, and to preserve themselves also, incidentally, like some precious jewel wrapped in cotton wool if only for the benefit of "the sublime and the beautiful." Our "romantic" is a man of great breadth and the greatest rogue of all our rogues, I assure you.... I can assure you from experience, indeed. Of course, that is, if he is intelligent. But what am I saying! The romantic is always intelligent, and I only meant to observe that although we have had foolish romantics they don't count, and they were only so because in the flower of their youth they degenerated into Germans, and to preserve their precious jewel more comfortably, settled somewhere out there — by preference in Weimar or the Black Forest. Part 2, Chapter 1 (pages 45-46)

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