Willard Van Orman Quine citations

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Willard Van Orman Quine

Date de naissance: 25. juin 1908
Date de décès: 25. décembre 2000

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Willard Van Orman Quine est un philosophe et logicien américain, l'un des principaux représentants de la philosophie analytique.

Il est notamment l’auteur des Deux dogmes de l'empirisme, article célèbre de 1951 qui remet en cause la distinction entre énoncés analytiques et énoncés synthétiques et de Le Mot et la Chose en 1960, où il propose sa thèse de l'indétermination de la traduction radicale et une critique de la notion de « signification ».

L’œuvre de Quine a eu une influence majeure dans les domaines de la philosophie, de la logique, de l'épistémologie et de la sémantique. Son projet d'une « épistémologie naturalisée » a notamment permis d'amorcer un tournant dans la pensée contemporaine – celui du naturalisme philosophique.

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Citations Willard Van Orman Quine

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„We cannot stem linguistic change, but we can drag our feet.“

—  Willard van Orman Quine
Context: We cannot stem linguistic change, but we can drag our feet. If each of us were to defy Alexander Pope and be the last to lay the old aside, it might not be a better world, but it would be a lovelier language. Quiddities: An Intermittently Philosophical Dictionary (1987), p. 231

„Nonbeing must in some sense be, otherwise what is it that there is not? This tangled doctrine might be nicknamed Plato's beard; historically it has proved tough, frequently dulling the edge of Occam's razor.“

—  Willard van Orman Quine
Context: Nonbeing must in some sense be, otherwise what is it that there is not? This tangled doctrine might be nicknamed Plato's beard; historically it has proved tough, frequently dulling the edge of Occam's razor. "On What There Is"

„Our argument is not flatly circular, but something like it.“

—  Willard van Orman Quine
Context: Our argument is not flatly circular, but something like it. It has the form, figuratively speaking, of a closed curve in space. "Two Dogmas of Empiricism", p. 26

„A fancifully fancyless medium of unvarnished news.“

—  Willard van Orman Quine
A mocking title for the 'protocol language' imagined by some of the logical positivists, in "Word and Object (1960), section 1

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„Set theory in sheep's clothing.“

—  Willard van Orman Quine
Referring to Second-order logic, in Philosophy of Logic (1970) <!-- , Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. -->

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„Possibly, but my concern is that there not be more things in my philosophy than are in heaven and earth.“

—  Willard van Orman Quine
Response to being quoted William Shakespeare's statement from Hamlet: "There are more things in heaven and earth… than are dreamt of in your philosophy." As quoted in ‪When God is Gone Everything Is Holy: The Making Of A Religious Naturalist‬ (2008) by ‪Chet Raymo‬

„Creatures inveterately wrong in their inductions have a pathetic but praiseworthy tendency to die before reproducing their kind.“

—  Willard van Orman Quine
"Natural Kinds", in Ontological Relativity and Other Essays (1969), p. 126; originally written for a festschrift for Carl Gustav Hempel, this appears in a context explaining why induction tends to work in practice, despite theoretical objections. The hyphen in "praise-worthy" is ambiguous, since it falls on a line break in the source.

„"Yields falsehood when preceded by its quotation" yields falsehood when preceded by its quotation.“

—  Willard van Orman Quine
Quine's paradox, in "The Ways of Paradox" in "The Ways of Paradox and other Essays" (1976)

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