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Steve Jobs

Date de naissance: 24. février 1955
Date de décès: 5. octobre 2011
Autres noms:Стивен Пол Джобс

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Steven Paul Jobs, dit Steve Jobs, est un entrepreneur et inventeur américain, souvent qualifié de visionnaire, et une figure majeure de l'électronique grand public, notamment pionnier de l'avènement de l'ordinateur personnel, du baladeur numérique, du smartphone et de la tablette tactile. Cofondateur, directeur général et président du conseil d'administration d'Apple Inc, il dirige aussi les studios Pixar et devient membre du conseil d'administration de Disney lors du rachat en 2006 de Pixar par Disney.

Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak et Ronald Wayne créent Apple le 1er avril 1976 à Cupertino. Au début des années 1980, Steve Jobs saisit le potentiel commercial des travaux du Xerox Parc sur le couple interface graphique/souris, ce qui conduit à la conception du Lisa, puis du Macintosh en 1984, les premiers ordinateurs grand public à profiter de ces innovations. Après avoir perdu une lutte de pouvoir à la tête d'Apple avec le directeur général qu'il avait pourtant recruté, John Sculley, il quitte l'entreprise en septembre 1985 pour fonder NeXT.

En 1986, il rachète la division Graphics Group de Lucasfilm, la transforme en Pixar Animation Studios et rencontre le succès commercial en 1995 avec Toy Story, un film dont il est le producteur délégué. Il reste directeur-général propriétaire de la compagnie jusqu'à son acquisition par la Walt Disney Company en 2006.

Début 1997, Apple, alors au bord de la faillite, rachète NeXT. L'opération permet à Steve Jobs de revenir à la tête de la firme qu'il a cofondée et fournit à Apple le code source de NeXTSTEP à partir duquel est développé le système d'exploitation Mac OS X. Il supervise durant les quatorze années suivantes la création, le lancement et le développement de l'iMac , de l'iPod, d'iTunes et de la chaîne de magasins Apple Store , de l'iTunes Store , de l'iPhone et de l'iPad , présentant les différents produits à un rythme pluriannuel lors de ses fameuses keynotes et faisant de son entreprise une des plus riches au monde au moment de sa mort.

En 2003, Steve Jobs apprend qu'il est atteint d'une forme rare de cancer pancréatique. Il passe les années suivantes à lutter contre la maladie, subissant plusieurs hospitalisations et arrêts de travail, apparaissant de plus en plus amaigri au fur et à mesure que sa santé décline. Il meurt le 5 octobre 2011 à son domicile de Palo Alto, à l'âge de cinquante-six ans. Sa mort soulève une importante vague d'émotion à travers le monde.

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Citations Steve Jobs

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„I'm convinced that about half of what separates the successful entrepreneurs from the non-successful ones is pure perseverance. It is so hard.“

— Steve Jobs
Context: I'm convinced that about half of what separates the successful entrepreneurs from the non-successful ones is pure perseverance. It is so hard. You put so much of your life into this thing. There are such rough moments in time that I think most people give up. I don't blame them. Its really tough and it consumes your life. If you've got a family and you're in the early days of a company, I can't imagine how one could do it. I'm sure its been done but its rough. Its pretty much an eighteen hour day job, seven days a week for awhile. Unless you have a lot of passion about this, you're not going to survive. You're going to give it up. So you've got to have an idea, or a problem or a wrong that you want to right that you're passionate about otherwise you're not going to have the perseverance to stick it through. I think that's half the battle right there. The Computerworld Smithsonian Awards Program Oral History Interview http://americanhistory.si.edu/comphist/sj1.html, Advice for Future Entrepreneurs (20 April 1995)

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„California has a sense of experimentation and a sense of openness—openness to new possibilities.“

— Steve Jobs
Context: Woz and I very much liked Bob Dylan's poetry, and we spent a lot of time thinking about a lot of that stuff. This was California. You could get LSD fresh made from Stanford. You could sleep on the beach at night with your girlfriend. California has a sense of experimentation and a sense of openness—openness to new possibilities. interview in Playboy magazine (February 1985 http://www.playboy.co.uk/article/16311/playboy-interview-steven-jobs) <!-- alternate link : http://gizmodo.com/5694765/29+year+old-steve-jobs-extols-californias-virtues-to-playboy-magazine -->

„Woz and I very much liked Bob Dylan's poetry, and we spent a lot of time thinking about a lot of that stuff.“

— Steve Jobs
Context: Woz and I very much liked Bob Dylan's poetry, and we spent a lot of time thinking about a lot of that stuff. This was California. You could get LSD fresh made from Stanford. You could sleep on the beach at night with your girlfriend. California has a sense of experimentation and a sense of openness—openness to new possibilities. interview in Playboy magazine (February 1985 http://www.playboy.co.uk/article/16311/playboy-interview-steven-jobs) <!-- alternate link : http://gizmodo.com/5694765/29+year+old-steve-jobs-extols-californias-virtues-to-playboy-magazine -->

„I wish developing great products was as easy as writing a check.“

— Steve Jobs
Context: I wish developing great products was as easy as writing a check. If that was the case, Microsoft would have great products. On why he delayed the Leopard OS in favor of developing the iPhone rather than hiring more developers, at the annual Apple stockholder's meeting (10 May 2007) as quoted in "Apple's Jobs brushes aside backdating concerns" at c|net News (10 May 2007) http://archive.is/20130628220833/http://news.com.com/2100-1041_3-6182965.html?part=rss&tag=2547-1_3-0-5&subj=news Variant: I wish developing great products was as easy as writing a check … if so, then Microsoft would have great products. As quoted in "Apple iPhone: more secrets revealed" (11 May 2007) http://www.tech.co.uk/computing/mac/news/apple-iphone-jobs-spills-more-secrets?articleid=1431998781

„Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue.“

— Steve Jobs
Context: When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions. Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

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„I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.“

— Steve Jobs
Context: When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

„Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life.“

— Steve Jobs
Context: Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure — these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

„Sometimes I believe in God, sometimes I don’t. I think it’s 50-50 maybe.“

— Steve Jobs
Context: Sometimes I believe in God, sometimes I don’t. I think it’s 50-50 maybe. But ever since I’ve had cancer, I’ve been thinking about it more. And I find myself believing a bit more. I kind of – maybe it’s ’cause I want to believe in an afterlife. That when you die, it doesn’t just all disappear. The wisdom you’ve accumulated. Somehow it lives on, but sometimes I think it’s just like an on-off switch. Click and you’re gone. And that’s why I don’t like putting on-off switches on Apple devices. Quoted by his biographer, Walter Isaacson http://www.zdnet.com/blog/btl/steve-jobs-in-the-end-he-didnt-like-the-off-switch/61586?tag=nl.e589

„And the reason they were able to do that was that they've had more experiences or they have thought more about their experiences than other people“

— Steve Jobs
Context: Creativity is just connecting things. When you ask creative people how they did something, they feel a little guilty because they didn't really do it, they just saw something. It seemed obvious to them after a while. That's because they were able to connect experiences they've had and synthesize new things. And the reason they were able to do that was that they've had more experiences or they have thought more about their experiences than other people... Unfortunately, that's too rare a commodity. A lot of people in our industry haven't had very diverse experiences. So they don't have enough dots to connect, and they end up with very linear solutions without a broad perspective on the problem. The broader one's understanding of the human experience, the better design we will have. Interviewed with Wired: Gary Wolf. Steve Jobs: The Next Insanely Great Thing http://archive.wired.com/wired/archive/4.02/jobs_pr.html (February 1996)

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