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Mahomet

Date de naissance: 22. avril 570
Date de décès: 8. juin 632

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Muḥammad

Mahomet , également dit Muḥammad ou Mohammed, de son nom complet Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim, est un chef religieux, politique et militaire arabe issu de la tribu de Quraych. Fondateur de l'islam, il en est considéré comme le prophète majeur. Selon la tradition islamique, il serait né à La Mecque vers 570 et mort à Médine en 632.

Les musulmans le considèrent comme le dernier des prophètes du monothéisme, au sens où il termine et scelle le cycle de la révélation monothéique abrahamique. Ses biographies religieuses rapportent qu'il enseignait à ses premiers compagnons les versets du Coran, qu'il présentait comme la parole même de Dieu , transmise à lui par l'archange Gabriel. Le Coran aurait été compilé après la mort de Mahomet, à partir de transcriptions sur des supports divers, par ses disciples. Par ailleurs, ses actions et ses paroles forment la sunna, qui est la seconde source à la base du droit musulman.

La fondation de l'islam et l'importance de la culture islamique ont influencé différentes cultures et civilisations au cours de l'histoire, faisant de Mahomet une figure de premier plan de l'histoire. Néanmoins, son historicité fait débat. En raison de la rareté des sources historiques et du biais religieux des sources traditionnelles, il n'est pas possible d'écrire une biographie historique du personnage devenu au fil du temps un chef religieux.

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Citations Mahomet

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„Speaking truth before a tyrannical ruler.“

—  Muhammad
Context: "What is the best type of Jihad [struggle]?" He answered: "Speaking truth before a tyrannical ruler." Riyadh us-Saleheen Volume 1:195

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„Do not turn away a poor man...even if all you can give is half a date. If you love the poor and bring them near you...God will bring you near Him on the Day of Resurrection.“

—  Muhammad
Context: Do not turn away a poor man... even if all you can give is half a date. If you love the poor and bring them near you... God will bring you near Him on the Day of Resurrection. Al-Tirmidhi, Hadith 1376

„The Messenger of Allah said, "Verily, Allah has revealed to me that you should adopt humility. So that no one may wrong another and no one may be disdainful and haughty towards another."“

—  Muhammad
Riyadh-as-Saliheen by Imam Al-Nawawi, Compiled By Al-Imam Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Sharaf An-Nawawi Ad-Dimashqi, Chapter 279, Hadith 1589 http://www.witness-pioneer.org/vil/hadeeth/riyad/17/chap279.htm

„O womenfolk, you should give charity and ask much forgiveness for I saw you in bulk amongst the dwellers of Hell.“

—  Muhammad
Context: It is narrated on the authority of 'Abdullah b. Umar that the Messenger of Allah observed: O womenfolk, you should give charity and ask much forgiveness for I saw you in bulk amongst the dwellers of Hell. A wise lady among them said: Why is it, Messenger of Allah, that our folk is in bulk in Hell? Upon this the Holy Prophet observed: You curse too much and are ungrateful to your spouses. I have seen none lacking in common sense and failing in religion but (at the same time) robbing the wisdom of the wise, besides you. Upon this the woman remarked: What is wrong with our common sense and with religion? He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Your lack of common sense (can be well judged from the fact) that the evidence of two women is equal to one man, that is a proof of the lack of common sense, and you spend some nights (and days) in which you do not offer prayer and in the month of Ramadan (during the days) you do not observe fast, that is a failing in religion. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Tahir with this chain of transmitters. Sahih Muslim, Book 001, Number 0142

„Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them.“

—  Muhammad
Context: Narrated Mu'awiyah al-Qushayri: I went to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and asked him: What do you say (command) about our wives? He replied: Give them food what you have for yourself, and clothe them by which you clothe yourself, and do not beat them, and do not revile them. Sunan Abu-Daud Book 11, Hadith 2139 http://www.searchtruth.com/book_display.php?book=11&translator=3&start=44&number=2138#

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„Your lack of common sense (can be well judged from the fact) that the evidence of two women is equal to one man, that is a proof of the lack of common sense, and you spend some nights (and days) in which you do not offer prayer and in the month of Ramadan (during the days) you do not observe fast, that is a failing in religion.“

—  Muhammad
Context: It is narrated on the authority of 'Abdullah b. Umar that the Messenger of Allah observed: O womenfolk, you should give charity and ask much forgiveness for I saw you in bulk amongst the dwellers of Hell. A wise lady among them said: Why is it, Messenger of Allah, that our folk is in bulk in Hell? Upon this the Holy Prophet observed: You curse too much and are ungrateful to your spouses. I have seen none lacking in common sense and failing in religion but (at the same time) robbing the wisdom of the wise, besides you. Upon this the woman remarked: What is wrong with our common sense and with religion? He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Your lack of common sense (can be well judged from the fact) that the evidence of two women is equal to one man, that is a proof of the lack of common sense, and you spend some nights (and days) in which you do not offer prayer and in the month of Ramadan (during the days) you do not observe fast, that is a failing in religion. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Tahir with this chain of transmitters. Sahih Muslim, Book 001, Number 0142

„One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite.“

—  Muhammad
Context: It has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: One who died but did not fight in the way of Allah nor did he express any desire (or determination) for Jihad died the death of a hypocrite.

„If you find anyone doing as Lot's people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done.“

—  Muhammad
Context: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If you find anyone doing as Lot's people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done. Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas, in AbuDawud, Book 38, Number 4447

„Marry women who are loving and very prolific, for I shall outnumber the peoples by you.“

—  Muhammad
Context: A man came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said: I have found a woman of rank and beauty, but she does not give birth to children. Should I marry her? He said: No. He came again to him, but he prohibited him. He came to him third time, and he (the Prophet) said: Marry women who are loving and very prolific, for I shall outnumber the peoples by you. Narrated Ma'qil ibn Yasar, in AbuDawud, Book 11, Number 2045

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