Lao Tseu citations

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Lao Tseu

Date de naissance: 604 av. J.-C.

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Lao Tseu ou Laozi ou Lao Zi , plus communément appelé en Chine Tàishàng lǎojūn , de son vrai nom Li Er , aurait été un sage chinois et, selon la tradition, un contemporain de Confucius . Il est considéré a posteriori comme le père fondateur du taoïsme. Il serait né dans le pays de Chu du royaume des Zhou et serait parti pour une retraite spirituelle vers l’ouest de la Chine actuelle avec une destination inconnue. Les informations historiques le concernant sont rares et incertaines et sa biographie se développe à partir de la dynastie Han, essentiellement à partir d’éléments surnaturels et religieux ; quelques chercheurs sceptiques estiment depuis la fin du XXe siècle qu'il s’agit d’un personnage fictif ou composite, et non proprement historique,.

Le Tao Tö King que la tradition lui attribue est un texte majeur du taoïsme, considéré comme important par d'autres courants également. Lao Tseu est considéré par les taoïstes comme un dieu et comme leur ancêtre commun.

Il est représenté comme un vieillard à la barbe blanche, parfois monté sur un buffle.

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Citations Lao Tseu

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„Care about people's approval and you will be their prisoner.“

—  Laozi
Also: "Care about what other people think and you will always be their prisoner" Also: "If you care what people think, you will always be their prisoner" Appears in Stephen Mitchell's rendering into English http://terebess.hu/english/tao/mitchell.html#Kap09 of Tao Te Ching chapter 9; but this is an interpretation of Mitchell's which does not appear in the original text or other recognized English translations. Repeated without attribution in Gilliland, Hide Your Goat https://books.google.com/books?id=ziJQdUzCgTIC&pg=PT98&dq=Care+what+other+think+%22you+will+always+be%22+their+prisoner&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CDQQ6AEwBGoVChMIpsbNzO69yAIVCU2ICh0mXwIE#v=onepage&q=Care%20what%20other%20think%20%22you%20will%20always%20be%22%20their%20prisoner&f=false, a positive thinking book published in 2013.

„The way you can go
isn't the real way.
The name you can say
isn't the real name.
Heaven and earth
begin in the unnamed:
name's the mother
of the ten thousand things.“

—  Laozi
Context: The way you can go isn't the real way. The name you can say isn't the real name. Heaven and earth begin in the unnamed: name's the mother of the ten thousand things. So the unwanting soul sees what's hidden, and the ever-wanting soul sees only what it wants. Two things, one origin, but different in name, whose identity is mystery. Mystery of all mysteries! The door to the hidden. Ch. 1, as interpreted by Ursula K. LeGuin (1998)

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„This source is called darkness.
Darkness born from darkness.
The beginning of all understanding.“

—  Laozi
Context: The tao that can be described is not the eternal Tao. The name that can be spoken is not the eternal Name. The nameless is the boundary of Heaven and Earth. The named is the mother of creation. Freed from desire, you can see the hidden mystery. By having desire, you can only see what is visibly real. Yet mystery and reality emerge from the same source. This source is called darkness. Darkness born from darkness. The beginning of all understanding. Ch. 1, as translated by J.H.McDonald (1996) http://www.wright-house.com/religions/taoism/tao-te-ching.html [Public domain translation]

„The more you use it, the more it produces;
the more you talk of it, the less you understand.“

—  Laozi
Context: The Tao is like a bellows: it is empty yet infinitely capable. The more you use it, the more it produces; the more you talk of it, the less you understand. Ch. 5, as interpreted by Stephen Mitchell (1992)

„The Tao that can be expressed is not the eternal Tao; The name that can be defined is not the unchanging name.“

—  Laozi
Context: The Tao that can be expressed is not the eternal Tao; The name that can be defined is not the unchanging name. Non-existence is called the antecedent of heaven and earth; Existence is the mother of all things. From eternal non-existence, therefore, we serenely observe the mysterious beginning of the Universe; From eternal existence we clearly see the apparent distinctions. These two are the same in source and become different when manifested. This sameness is called profundity. Infinite profundity is the gate whence comes the beginning of all parts of the Universe. Ch. 1, as translated by Ch'u Ta-Kao (1904) Also as Tao called Tao is not Tao.

„The mark of a moderate man
is freedom from his own ideas.“

—  Laozi
Context: The mark of a moderate man is freedom from his own ideas. Tolerant like the sky, all-pervading like sunlight, firm like a mountain, supple like a tree in the wind, he has no destination in view and makes use of anything life happens to bring his way. Ch. 59 as interpreted by Stephen Mitchell (1992)

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