Lao Tseu citations

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Lao Tseu

Date de naissance: 604 av. J.-C.

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Lao Tseu ou Laozi ou Lao Zi , plus communément appelé en Chine Tàishàng lǎojūn , de son vrai nom Li Er , aurait été un sage chinois et, selon la tradition, un contemporain de Confucius . Il est considéré a posteriori comme le père fondateur du taoïsme. Il serait né dans le pays de Chu du royaume des Zhou et serait parti pour une retraite spirituelle vers l’ouest de la Chine actuelle avec une destination inconnue. Les informations historiques le concernant sont rares et incertaines et sa biographie se développe à partir de la dynastie Han, essentiellement à partir d’éléments surnaturels et religieux ; quelques chercheurs sceptiques estiment depuis la fin du XXe siècle qu'il s’agit d’un personnage fictif ou composite, et non proprement historique,.

Le Tao Tö King que la tradition lui attribue est un texte majeur du taoïsme, considéré comme important par d'autres courants également. Lao Tseu est considéré par les taoïstes comme un dieu et comme leur ancêtre commun.

Il est représenté comme un vieillard à la barbe blanche, parfois monté sur un buffle.

Citations Lao Tseu

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„Darkness within darkness.
The gate to all mystery.“

—  Laozi
Context: The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao; The name that can be named is not the eternal name. The nameless is the beginning of heaven and earth. The named is the mother of ten thousand things. Ever desireless, one can see the mystery. Ever desiring, one can see the manifestations. These two spring from the same source but differ in name; this appears as darkness. Darkness within darkness. The gate to all mystery. Ch. 1, Gia-Fu Feng & Jane English (1972)

„Scholars of the highest class, when they hear about the Tao, take it and practice it earnestly.“

—  Laozi
Context: Scholars of the highest class, when they hear about the Tao, take it and practice it earnestly. Scholars of the middle class, when they hear of it, take it half earnestly. Scholars of the lowest class, when they hear of it, laugh at it. Without the laughter, there would be no Tao. Ch. 41

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„Without the laughter, there would be no Tao.“

—  Laozi
Context: Scholars of the highest class, when they hear about the Tao, take it and practice it earnestly. Scholars of the middle class, when they hear of it, take it half earnestly. Scholars of the lowest class, when they hear of it, laugh at it. Without the laughter, there would be no Tao. Ch. 41

„The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao;
The name that can be named is not the eternal name.
The nameless is the beginning of heaven and earth.“

—  Laozi
Context: The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao; The name that can be named is not the eternal name. The nameless is the beginning of heaven and earth. The named is the mother of ten thousand things. Ever desireless, one can see the mystery. Ever desiring, one can see the manifestations. These two spring from the same source but differ in name; this appears as darkness. Darkness within darkness. The gate to all mystery. Ch. 1, Gia-Fu Feng & Jane English (1972)

„The mark of a moderate man
is freedom from his own ideas.“

—  Laozi
Context: The mark of a moderate man is freedom from his own ideas. Tolerant like the sky, all-pervading like sunlight, firm like a mountain, supple like a tree in the wind, he has no destination in view and makes use of anything life happens to bring his way. Ch. 59 as interpreted by Stephen Mitchell (1992)

„Since before time and space were,
the Tao is.
It is beyond is and is not.“

—  Laozi
Context: Since before time and space were, the Tao is. It is beyond is and is not. How do I know this is true? I look inside myself and see. Ch. 21, as interpreted by Stephen Mitchell (1992)

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