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L. Ron Hubbard

Date de naissance: 13. mars 1911
Date de décès: 24. janvier 1986
Autres noms:Ron Hubbard

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Lafayette Ronald Hubbard, dit L. Ron Hubbard, né le 13 mars 1911 à Tilden dans le Nebraska, et mort le 24 janvier 1986 à Creston en Californie, est une personnalité américaine, fondatrice de la Scientologie dont la précédente carrière était celle d'auteur de science-fiction.

Il est surtout connu pour avoir élaboré, en 1950, avec l'aide de sa future ex-femme Sara Northrup, la Dianétique, pseudo-science qu'il décrit comme une technique de développement personnel, et finalement comme fondateur de la « Scientologie ». Il la déclare comme une religion en décembre 1953, date à laquelle la première Église de Scientologie est fondée. Il supervise ensuite la croissance de ce qui devient une organisation mondiale, avant de revenir à l'écriture de science-fiction à la fin de sa vie.

Lorsque la Scientologie fut mise en cause dans les années 1970, il fut condamné par contumace à quatre ans de prison ferme pour escroquerie en France ; aux États-Unis, s'étant à cette époque retiré de la direction de l'organisation, il ne fut pas poursuivi lors de l'affaire d'espionnage Snow White où sa dernière épouse et d'autres dirigeants scientologues furent condamnés.

Citations L. Ron Hubbard

„I have high hopes of smashing my name into history so violently that it will take a legendary form even if all books are destroyed.“

— L. Ron Hubbard
Context: Living is a pretty grim joke, but a joke just the same. The entire function of man is to survive. The outermost limit of endeavour is creative work. Anything less is too close to simple survival until death happens along. So I am engaged in striving to maintain equilibrium sufficient to at least realize survival in a way to astound the gods. I turned the thing up so it's up to me to survive in a big way... Foolishly perhaps, but determined none the less, I have high hopes of smashing my name into history so violently that it will take a legendary form even if all books are destroyed. [http://bernie.cncfamily.com/sc/excalibur.htm A letter to his wife Polly (October 1938)], quoted in [http://www.discord.org/~lippard/bfm/bfm05.htm#81 Bare-faced Messiah: The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (1987), p. 81].

„Living is a pretty grim joke, but a joke just the same.“

— L. Ron Hubbard
Context: Living is a pretty grim joke, but a joke just the same. The entire function of man is to survive. The outermost limit of endeavour is creative work. Anything less is too close to simple survival until death happens along. So I am engaged in striving to maintain equilibrium sufficient to at least realize survival in a way to astound the gods. I turned the thing up so it's up to me to survive in a big way... Foolishly perhaps, but determined none the less, I have high hopes of smashing my name into history so violently that it will take a legendary form even if all books are destroyed. [http://bernie.cncfamily.com/sc/excalibur.htm A letter to his wife Polly (October 1938)], quoted in [http://www.discord.org/~lippard/bfm/bfm05.htm#81 Bare-faced Messiah: The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (1987), p. 81].

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„The one man in the world who never believes he's mad is the madman.“

— L. Ron Hubbard
Context: Oh yes! The one man in the world who never believes he's mad is the madman. In answer to the question as to whether he ever thought he might be quite mad. Granada Television [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_w-YWwC1lI#t=1503 documentary on Scientology].

„The subject of philosophy is very ancient. The word means: "The love, study or pursuit of wisdom, or of knowledge of things and their causes, whether theoretical or practical."“

— L. Ron Hubbard
Context: The subject of philosophy is very ancient. The word means: "The love, study or pursuit of wisdom, or of knowledge of things and their causes, whether theoretical or practical." All we know of science or of religion comes from philosophy. It lies behind and above all other knowledge we have or use. [http://www.foundingchurchdc.org/dc/ref/philo/index.htm My Philosophy (1965)].

„Here on Earth there was undoubtedly a Christ“

— L. Ron Hubbard
Context: Here on Earth there was undoubtedly a Christ. One of the reasons he swept in so suddenly and he would go forward so hard is, he had a good assist in back of him in terms of an implant. Philadelphia Doctorate Courses, lecture 24 (1952).

„Man is sick and nations have gone mad.“

— L. Ron Hubbard
Context: Man is sick and nations have gone mad. You would not even tolerate for one moment the conduct in an individual that is commonplace in the acts of some nations. You would lock up such a person. "Times Must Change" in Ability # 179 (20 March 1966).

„Ideas and not battles mark the forward progress of mankind.“

— L. Ron Hubbard
Context: Ideas and not battles mark the forward progress of mankind. Individuals, and not masses, form the culture of the race.

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„You don't get rich writing science fiction. If you want to get rich, you start a religion.“

— L. Ron Hubbard
Response to a question from the audience during a meeting of the Eastern Science Fiction Association on (7 November 1948), as quoted in a 1994 affidavit by Sam Moskowitz. This statement is similar or identical to [http://www.bible.ca/scientology-1million-start-a-religion.htm several statements] Hubbard is reported to have made to various individuals or groups in the 1940s. Variants include: The incident is stamped indelibly in my mind because of one statement that Ron Hubbard made. What led him to say what he did I can't recall — but in so many words Hubbard said: "I'd like to start a religion. That's where the money is!" L. Ron Hubbard to Lloyd A. Eshbach, in 1949; as quoted by Eshbach in his autobiography Over My Shoulder: Reflections On A Science Fiction Era (1983) . <!-- Donald M. Grant Publisher --> Y'know, we're all wasting our time writing this hack science fiction! You wanta make real money, you gotta start a religion! As reported to Mike Jittlov by Theodore Sturgeon as a statement Hubbard made while at the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society clubhouse in the 1940s. Writing for a penny a word is ridiculous. If a man really wanted to make a million dollars, the best way to do it would be start his own religion. As quoted in the Los Angeles Times (27 August 1978) Writing for a penny a word is ridiculous. If a man really wants to make a million dollars, the best way would be to start his own religion. As quoted in the article "Scientology: Anatomy of a Frightening Cult" by Eugene H. Methvin. Reader's Digest (May 1980). I always knew he was exceedingly anxious to hit big money — he used to say he thought the best way to do it would be to start a cult. Sam Merwin, Editor of Thrilling Science Fiction magazine Winter of 1946-47; quoted in Bare-Faced Messiah, The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (1987) by Russell Miller Whenever he was talking about being hard up he often used to say that he thought the easiest way to make money would be to start a religion. Neison Himmel, briefly a roommate of Hubbard in Pasadena during the fall of 1945, in a 1986 interview, quoted in Bare-Faced Messiah, The True Story of L. Ron Hubbard (1987) by Russell Miller.

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