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Joseph Campbell

Date de naissance: 26. mars 1904
Date de décès: 30. octobre 1987
Autres noms:Джозеф Кемпбелл

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Joseph Campbell, né le 26 mars 1904 à White Plains et mort le 30 octobre 1987 à Honolulu, est un mythologue américain, professeur, écrivain et conférencier, connu pour ses ouvrages portant sur la mythologie comparée et la religion comparée. Son apport principal est sa théorie du monomythe qui postule que les mythes, légendes et contes du monde entier, à de nombreuses époques, sont des expressions d'un schéma narratif unique, lui-même lié aux structures de la psyché humaine. Les théories de Campbell s'inscrivent en partie dans la lignée de celles du psychologue analytique Carl Gustav Jung. Peu influent et souvent critiqué dans le domaine des études mythologiques elles-mêmes, Campbell devient cependant populaire grâce à ses ouvrages, conférences et émissions, et ses ouvrages sont employés par la suite comme guides d'écriture par les scénaristes.

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Citations Joseph Campbell

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„The privilege of a lifetime is being who you are.“

— Joseph Campbell, A Joseph Campbell Companion: Reflections on the Art of Living

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„This is our problem as modern 'enlightened' individuals, for whom all gods and devils have been rationalized out of existence“

— Joseph Campbell
Context: (...) we today (in so far as we are unbelievers, or, if believers, in so far as our inherited beliefs fail to represent the real problems of contemporary life) must face alone, or, at best, with only tentative, impromptu, an not often very effective guidance. This is our problem as modern 'enlightened' individuals, for whom all gods and devils have been rationalized out of existence. Chapter 2, page 87 (New World Library, 2008)

„People say that what we're all seeking is a meaning for life. I don't think that's what we're really seeking.“

— Joseph Campbell
Context: People say that what we're all seeking is a meaning for life. I don't think that's what we're really seeking. I think what we're seeking is an experience of being alive, so that our life experiences on the purely physical plane will have resonance within our own innermost being and reality, so that we actually feel the rapture of being alive. That's what it's all finally about. Episode 2, Chapter 4

„Wherever the hero may wander, whatever he may do, he is ever in the presence of his own essence — for he has the perfected eye to see. There is no separateness.“

— Joseph Campbell
Context: Wherever the hero may wander, whatever he may do, he is ever in the presence of his own essence — for he has the perfected eye to see. There is no separateness. Thus, just as the way of social participation may lead in the end to a realization of the All in the individual, so that of exile brings the hero to the Self in all. Epilogue

„The image of the cosmos must change with the development of the mind and knowledge; otherwise, the mythic statement is lost, and man becomes dissociated from the very basis of his own religious experience.“

— Joseph Campbell
Context: The image of the cosmos must change with the development of the mind and knowledge; otherwise, the mythic statement is lost, and man becomes dissociated from the very basis of his own religious experience. Doubt comes in, and so forth. You must remember: all of the great traditions, and little traditions, in their own time were scientifically correct. That is to say, they were correct in terms of the scientific image of that age. So there must be a scientifically validated image. Now you know what has happened: our scientific field has separated itself from the religious field, or vice-versa. … This divorce this is a fatal thing, and a very unfortunate thing, and a totally unnecessary thing. Lecture 1A, 13:45

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„I say, follow your bliss and don't be afraid, and doors will open where you didn't know they were going to be.“

— Joseph Campbell
Context: Moyers: Do you ever have the sense of... being helped by hidden hands? Campbell: All the time. It is miraculous. I even have a superstition that has grown on me as a result of invisible hands coming all the time — namely, that if you do follow your bliss you put yourself on a kind of track that has been there all the while, waiting for you, and the life that you ought to be living is the one you are living. When you can see that, you begin to meet people who are in your field of bliss, and they open doors to you. I say, follow your bliss and don't be afraid, and doors will open where you didn't know they were going to be. p. 120

„Dream is personalized myth, myth is depersonalized dream; both myth and dream are symbolic“

— Joseph Campbell
Context: Dream is personalized myth, myth is depersonalized dream; both myth and dream are symbolic in the same general way of the dynamics of the psyche. But in the dream the forms are quirked by the peculiar troubles of the dreamer, whereas in myth the problem and solutions shown are directly valid for all mankind. Chapter 1

„It is only those who know neither an inner call nor an outer doctrine whose plight is truly desperate; that is to say, most of us today, in this labyrinth without and within the heart. Alas, where is the guide“

— Joseph Campbell
Context: The multitude of men and women choose the less adventurous way of the comparatively unconscious civic and tribal routines. But these seekers, too, are saved—by the virtue of the inherited symbolic aids of society, the rites of passage, the grace-yielding sacraments, given to mankind of old by the redeemers and handed down through the millenniums. It is only those who know neither an inner call nor an outer doctrine whose plight is truly desperate; that is to say, most of us today, in this labyrinth without and within the heart. Alas, where is the guide, that fond virgin, Ariadne, to supply the simple clue that will give us the courage to face the Minotaur, and the means to find our way to freedom when the monster has been met and slain? Chapter 1

„Most curiously, the very scientist who, in the service of the sinful king, was the brain behind the horror of the labyrinth, quite as readily can serve the purposes of freedom. But the hero-heart must be at hand. ...He is the hero of the way of thought—singlehearted, courageous, and full of faith that the truth, as he finds it, shall make us free.“

— Joseph Campbell
Context: Most curiously, the very scientist who, in the service of the sinful king, was the brain behind the horror of the labyrinth, quite as readily can serve the purposes of freedom. But the hero-heart must be at hand.... He is the hero of the way of thought—singlehearted, courageous, and full of faith that the truth, as he finds it, shall make us free. Chapter 1

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