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Joseph Campbell

Date de naissance: 26. mars 1904
Date de décès: 30. octobre 1987
Autres noms:Джозеф Кемпбелл

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Joseph Campbell, né le 26 mars 1904 à White Plains et mort le 30 octobre 1987 à Honolulu, est un mythologue américain, professeur, écrivain et conférencier, connu pour ses ouvrages portant sur la mythologie comparée et la religion comparée. Son apport principal est sa théorie du monomythe qui postule que les mythes, légendes et contes du monde entier, à de nombreuses époques, sont des expressions d'un schéma narratif unique, lui-même lié aux structures de la psyché humaine. Les théories de Campbell s'inscrivent en partie dans la lignée de celles du psychologue analytique Carl Gustav Jung. Peu influent et souvent critiqué dans le domaine des études mythologiques elles-mêmes, Campbell devient cependant populaire grâce à ses ouvrages, conférences et émissions, et ses ouvrages sont employés par la suite comme guides d'écriture par les scénaristes.

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Citations Joseph Campbell

„The passage of the mythological hero“

—  Joseph Campbell
Context: The passage of the mythological hero may be overground, incidentally; fundamentally it is inward—into depths where obscure resistances are overcome, and long lost, forgotten powers are revivified, to be made available for the transfiguration of the world.... Something of the light that blazes invisible within the abysses of its normally opaque materiality breaks forth, with an increasing uproar. The dreadful mutilations are then seen as shadows, only, of an immanent, imperishable eternity; time yields to glory; and the world sings with the prodigious, angelic, but perhaps finally monotonous, siren music of the spheres. Like happy families, the myths and the worlds redeemed are all alike. Chapter 2

„You become mature when you become the authority of your own life.“

—  Joseph Campbell, A Joseph Campbell Companion: Reflections on the Art of Living

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„The privilege of a lifetime is being who you are.“

—  Joseph Campbell, A Joseph Campbell Companion: Reflections on the Art of Living

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„All cultures … have grown out of myths. They are founded on myths.“

—  Joseph Campbell
Context: All cultures … have grown out of myths. They are founded on myths. What these myths have given has been inspiration for aspiration. The economic interpretation of history is for the birds. Economics is itself a function of aspiration. It’s what people aspire to that creates the field in which economics works. Lecture 1B, 8:20

„Wherever the hero may wander, whatever he may do, he is ever in the presence of his own essence — for he has the perfected eye to see. There is no separateness.“

—  Joseph Campbell
Context: Wherever the hero may wander, whatever he may do, he is ever in the presence of his own essence — for he has the perfected eye to see. There is no separateness. Thus, just as the way of social participation may lead in the end to a realization of the All in the individual, so that of exile brings the hero to the Self in all. Epilogue

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„People say that what we're all seeking is a meaning for life. I don't think that's what we're really seeking.“

—  Joseph Campbell
Context: People say that what we're all seeking is a meaning for life. I don't think that's what we're really seeking. I think what we're seeking is an experience of being alive, so that our life experiences on the purely physical plane will have resonance within our own innermost being and reality, so that we actually feel the rapture of being alive. That's what it's all finally about. Episode 2, Chapter 4

„Dream is personalized myth, myth is depersonalized dream; both myth and dream are symbolic“

—  Joseph Campbell
Context: Dream is personalized myth, myth is depersonalized dream; both myth and dream are symbolic in the same general way of the dynamics of the psyche. But in the dream the forms are quirked by the peculiar troubles of the dreamer, whereas in myth the problem and solutions shown are directly valid for all mankind. Chapter 1

„This is our problem as modern 'enlightened' individuals, for whom all gods and devils have been rationalized out of existence“

—  Joseph Campbell
Context: (...) we today (in so far as we are unbelievers, or, if believers, in so far as our inherited beliefs fail to represent the real problems of contemporary life) must face alone, or, at best, with only tentative, impromptu, an not often very effective guidance. This is our problem as modern 'enlightened' individuals, for whom all gods and devils have been rationalized out of existence. Chapter 2, page 87 (New World Library, 2008)

„The image of the cosmos must change with the development of the mind and knowledge; otherwise, the mythic statement is lost, and man becomes dissociated from the very basis of his own religious experience.“

—  Joseph Campbell
Context: The image of the cosmos must change with the development of the mind and knowledge; otherwise, the mythic statement is lost, and man becomes dissociated from the very basis of his own religious experience. Doubt comes in, and so forth. You must remember: all of the great traditions, and little traditions, in their own time were scientifically correct. That is to say, they were correct in terms of the scientific image of that age. So there must be a scientifically validated image. Now you know what has happened: our scientific field has separated itself from the religious field, or vice-versa. … This divorce this is a fatal thing, and a very unfortunate thing, and a totally unnecessary thing. Lecture 1A, 13:45

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