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Italo Calvino

Date de naissance: 15. octobre 1923
Date de décès: 19. septembre 1985

Italo Calvino, né le 15 octobre 1923 à Santiago de Las Vegas et mort le 19 septembre 1985 à Sienne , est un écrivain italien et un philosophe du XXe siècle.

Calvino est à la fois un théoricien de la littérature, un écrivain réaliste, mais aussi et surtout, pour le grand public, un fabuliste plein d'humour : sa production très riche fait de lui l'un des plus grands écrivains italiens de la période moderne.

D'abord attiré par la veine néoréaliste de l'après-guerre italienne, Calvino s'oriente ensuite vers la littérature populaire, en particulier vers l'univers de la fable, et devient membre de l'Oulipo. Dans la trilogie Nos ancêtres qui comprend Le Vicomte pourfendu , Le Baron perché et Le Chevalier inexistant , il exploite la veine fantastique en mêlant le cadre de la fable et l'allégorique. Il en ressort une morale qui est d’abord une invitation à la nuance, avec même un certain pessimisme dans le dernier roman. Le romancier continue d'ailleurs à traiter dans ses œuvres de la réalité quotidienne comme dans Marcovaldo, roman en deux parties paru en 1958 et 1963. Italo Calvino lisait de nombreux livres de Maupassant qui l'a beaucoup inspiré pour ses nouvelles.

Parallèlement à l'écriture littéraire, Italo Calvino a collaboré à divers scénarios pour le cinéma.

Citations Italo Calvino






Italo Calvino foto
Italo Calvino566
Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels 1923 – 1985

Italo Calvino foto
Italo Calvino566
Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels 1923 – 1985










Italo Calvino foto
Italo Calvino566
Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels 1923 – 1985

Italo Calvino foto
Italo Calvino566
Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels 1923 – 1985

Italo Calvino foto
Italo Calvino566
Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels 1923 – 1985
„In the shop window you have promptly identified the cover with the title you were looking for. Following this visual trail, you have forced your way through the shop past the thick barricade of Books You Haven't Read, which were frowning at you from the tables and shelves, trying to cow you. But you know you must never allow yourself to be awed, that among them there extend for acres and acres the Books You Needn't Read, the Books Made For Purposes Other Than Reading, Books Read Even Before You Open Them Since They Belong To The Category Of Books Read Before Being Written. And thus you pass the outer girdle of ramparts, but then you are attacked by the infantry of the Books That If You Had More Than One Life You Would Certainly Also Read But Unfortunately Your Days Are Numbered. With a rapid maneuver you bypass them and move into the phalanxes of the Books You Mean To Read But There Are Others You Must Read First, the Books Too Expensive Now And You'll Wait Till They're Remaindered, the Books ditto When They Come Out In Paperback, Books You Can Borrow From Somebody, Books That Everybody's Read So It's As If You Had Read Them, Too. Eluding these assaults, you come up beneath the towers of the fortress, where other troops are holding out:

the Books You've Been Planning To Read For Ages,

the Books You've Been Hunting For Years Without Success,

the Books Dealing With Something You're Working On At The Moment,

the Books You Want To Own So They'll Be Handy Just In Case,

the Books You Could Put Aside Maybe To Read This Summer,

the Books You Need To Go With Other Books On Your Shelves,

the Books That Fill You With Sudden, Inexplicable Curiosity, Not Easily Justified,

Now you have been able to reduce the countless embattled troops to an array that is, to be sure, very large but still calculable in a finite number; but this relative relief is then undermined by the ambush of the Books Read Long Ago Which It's Now Time To Reread and the Books You've Always Pretended To Have Read And Now It's Time To Sit Down And Really Read Them.“
If on a Winter's Night a Traveler

Italo Calvino foto
Italo Calvino566
Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels 1923 – 1985

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