Howard Zinn citations

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Howard Zinn

Date de naissance: 24. août 1922
Date de décès: 27. janvier 2010
Autres noms:ஓவர்ட் சின்

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Howard Zinn est un historien et politologue américain, professeur au département de science politique de l'université de Boston durant 24 ans.

Pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, il s'engage dans l'armée de l'air et est nommé lieutenant bombardier naviguant. Son expérience dans l'armée a été le déclencheur de son positionnement politique pacifiste qui élève au rang de devoir la désobéissance civile.

Il a été un acteur de premier plan du mouvement des droits civiques et du courant pacifiste aux États-Unis.

Auteur de vingt livres dont les thèmes sont à la croisée de ses travaux de chercheur et de son engagement politique, il est particulièrement connu pour son best-seller publié en 1980 Une histoire populaire des États-Unis, qui « l'a consacré comme l'un des historiens américains les plus lus, bien au-delà des campus américains ».

Citations Howard Zinn

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„There is no flag large enough to cover the shame of killing innocent people for a purpose which is unattainable.“

— Howard Zinn
[http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Zinn/Tripoli_ZR.html "Terror Over Tripoli"] (1993), from The Zinn Reader (1997)

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„The Horatio Alger stories of "rags to riches" were true for a few men, but mostly a myth, and a useful myth for control.“

— Howard Zinn
Context: While some multimillionaires started in poverty, most did not. A study of the origins of 303 textile, railroad and steel executives of the 1870s showed that 90 percent came from middle- or upper-class families. The Horatio Alger stories of "rags to riches" were true for a few men, but mostly a myth, and a useful myth for control. [http://historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/zinnbaron11.html Ch. 11]

„Anything they do, however small, becomes part of a much, much larger sort of flow of energy. And when enough people do enough things, however small they are, then change takes place.“

— Howard Zinn
Context: I would encourage people to look around them in their community and find an organization that is doing something that they believe in, even if that organization has only five people, or ten people, or twenty people, or a hundred people. And to look at history and understand that when change takes place it takes place as a result of large, large numbers of people doing little things unbeknownst to one another. And that history is very important for people to not get discouraged. Because if you look at history you see the way the labor movement was able to achieve things when it stuck to its guns, when it organized, when it resisted. Black people were able to change their condition when they fought back and when they organized. Same thing with the movement against the war in Vietnam, and the women's movement. History is instructive. And what it suggests to people is that even if they do little things, if they walk on the picket line, if they join a vigil, if they write a letter to their local newspaper. Anything they do, however small, becomes part of a much, much larger sort of flow of energy. And when enough people do enough things, however small they are, then change takes place. [http://rawstory.com/news/2005/Zinn_interview_part_two_Same_arguments_made_in_Vietnam_made_0909.html Rawstory.com Interview (9 September 2005)], which compares U.S. wars in Iraq and Vietnam

„Scholars, who pride themselves on speaking their minds, often engage in a form of self-censorship which is called "realism." To be "realistic" in dealing with a problem is to work only among the alternatives which the most powerful in society put forth.“

— Howard Zinn
Context: Scholars, who pride themselves on speaking their minds, often engage in a form of self-censorship which is called "realism." To be "realistic" in dealing with a problem is to work only among the alternatives which the most powerful in society put forth. It is as if we are all confined to a, b, c, or d in the multiple choice test, when we know there is another possible answer. American society, although it has more freedom of expression than most societies in the world, thus sets limits beyond which respectable people are not supposed to think or speak. So far, too much of the debate on Vietnam has observed these limits. Howard Zinn on War (2000), [http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Zinn/Vietnam_Perspective_HZOW.html Ch. 14: Vietnam: A Matter of Perspective]

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