Burrhus Frederic Skinner citations

Burrhus Frederic Skinner foto
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Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Date de naissance: 20. mars 1904
Date de décès: 18. août 1990
Autres noms: ಬಿ.ಎಫ‍್.ಸ್ಕಿನ್ನರ್

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Burrhus Frederic Skinner est un psychologue et un penseur américain. Penseur influent du behaviorisme , il a été fortement influencé par les travaux d'Ivan Pavlov et ceux du premier comportementaliste John Watson. Il a été élu par ses pairs comme l'un des psychologues les plus importants du XXe siècle et aussi comme l'un des scientifiques les plus influents de ce siècle.

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Citations Burrhus Frederic Skinner

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„I did not direct my life. I didn’t design it. I never made decisions. Things always came up and made them for me.“

— B.F. Skinner
Context: I did not direct my life. I didn’t design it. I never made decisions. Things always came up and made them for me. That’s what life is. As quoted in "Unpacking the Skinner Box : Revisiting B. F. Skinner through a Postformal Lens" by Dana Salter in The Praeger Handbook of Education and Psychology Vol. 4 (2008) edited by Joe L. Kincheloe and Raymond A. Horn, Ch. 99, p. 872.

„It is the teacher's function to contrive conditions under which students learn. Their relevance to a future usefulness need not be obvious.“

— B.F. Skinner
Context: Many instructional arrangements seem "contrived", but there is nothing wrong with that. It is the teacher's function to contrive conditions under which students learn. Their relevance to a future usefulness need not be obvious. It is a difficult assignment. The conditions the teacher arranges must be powerful enough to compete with those under which the student tends to behave in distracting ways. "Free and Happy Student" in The Phi Delta Kappan (September 1973); later published in Reflections on Behaviorism and Society (1978).

„We shouldn't teach great books; we should teach a love of reading.“

— B.F. Skinner
Context: We shouldn't teach great books; we should teach a love of reading. Knowing the contents of a few works of literature is a trivial achievement. Being inclined to go on reading is a great achievement. As quoted in B. F. Skinner : The Man and His Ideas (1968) by Richard Isadore Evans, p. 73.

„Education is what survives when what has been learned has been forgotten.“

— B.F. Skinner
"New methods and new aims in teaching", in New Scientist, 22(392) (21 May 1964), pp.483-4.

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„The real question is not whether machines think but whether men do. The mystery which surrounds a thinking machine already surrounds a thinking man.“

— B.F. Skinner, Contingencies Of Reinforcement: A Theoretical Analysis
Contingencies of Reinforcement: A Theoretical Analysis (1969).

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