Aristophane citations

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Aristophane

Date de naissance: 446 av. J.-C.
Date de décès: 385 av. J.-C.

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Aristophane est un poète comique grec du Ve siècle av. J.-C., né dans le dème de Cydathénéon vers -445 et mort entre -385 et -375. Son œuvre à elle seule représente ce qui nous reste de l'Ancienne Comédie, et coïncide avec les années glorieuses d'Athènes sous l'administration de Périclès et la longue et sombre période de la Guerre du Péloponnèse. Au tournant du Ve et du IVe siècle, alors qu'Athènes voit éclore des modes de pensée nouveaux dans tous les domaines, et que les mœurs politiques et sociales se transforment ou se dégradent, Aristophane cloue au pilori par de grands éclats de rire les politiciens démagogues et va-t-en-guerre, les citoyens en proie à une « judicardite » aiguë, cette pernicieuse manie des procès, ou les maîtres d'incivisme et de décadence.

Citations Aristophane

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„Youth ages, immaturity is outgrown, ignorance can be educated, drunkenness sobered, but stupid lasts forever.“

—  Aristophanés
Fictional attribution in the movie The Emperor's Club (2002), given by Kevin Kline (as William Hundert); no published occurrences of this statement prior to the movie have been located in any of the Aristophanes Plays or Fragments.

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„The wise can often profit by the lessons of a foe,“

—  Aristophanés
Context: Epops: The wise can often profit by the lessons of a foe, for caution is the mother of safety. It is just such a thing as one will not learn from a friend and which an enemy compels you to know. To begin with, it's the foe and not the friend that taught cities to build high walls, to equip long vessels of war; and it's this knowledge that protects our children, our slaves and our wealth. Leader of the Chorus [leader]: Well then, I agree, let us first hear them, for that is best; one can even learn something in an enemy's school. (tr. O'Neill 1938, [http://www. perseus. tufts. edu/hopper/text. jsp? doc=Aristoph.+Birds+375 Perseus])

„A man may learn wisdom even from a foe.“

—  Aristophanés
Context: !--oft-quoted variant--> Epops: A man may learn wisdom even from a foe. (tr. in Goldstein-Jackson 1983, p. [http://books. google. com/books? q=isbn%3A9780389203933+%22A+man+may+learn+wisdom+even+from+a+foe%22+Aristophanes 163]) Birds, line 375-382 (our emphasis on 375 and 378-379 and 382) Compare the later: "We can learn even from our enemies", Ovid, Metamorphoses, IV, 428.

„Come, bring hither quick a flagon of wine, that I may soak my brain and get an ingenious idea.“

—  Aristophanés
Context: Demosthenes: Do you dare to accuse wine of clouding the reason? Quote me more marvellous effects than those of wine. Look! when a man drinks, he is rich, everything he touches succeeds, he gains lawsuits, is happy and helps his friends. Come, bring hither quick a flagon of wine, that I may soak my brain and get an ingenious idea. (tr. O'Neill 1938, [http://www. perseus. tufts. edu/hopper/text. jsp? doc=Aristoph.+Kn.+90 Perseus]) Knights, line 90-96 (our emphasis on 95-96)

„Chorus [speaking for Aristophanes]:“

—  Aristophanés
Context: Chorus [speaking for Aristophanes]: Yet I have not been seen frequenting the wrestling school intoxicated with success and trying to seduce young boys; but I took all my theatrical gear and returned straight home. I pained folk but little and caused them much amusement; my conscience rebuked me for nothing. Hence both grown men and youths should be on my side and I likewise invite the bald to give me their votes; for, if I triumph, everyone will say, both at table and at festivals, “Carry this to the bald man, give these cakes to the bald one, do not grudge the poet whose talent shines as bright as his own bare skull the share he deserves.” (tr. O'Neill 1938, [http://www. perseus. tufts. edu/hopper/text. jsp? doc=Aristoph.+Peace+762 Perseus]) Peace, line 762-773 (our emphasis on 764) Aristophanes was bald.

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„Demosthenes [to the Sausage-Seller]:“

—  Aristophanés
Context: Demosthenes [to the Sausage-Seller]: Mix and knead together all the state business as you do for your sausages. To win the people, always cook them some savoury that pleases them. Besides, you possess all the attributes of a demagogue; a screeching, horrible voice, a perverse, crossgrained nature and the language of the market-place. In you all is united which is needful for governing. (tr. O'Neill 1938, [http://www. perseus. tufts. edu/hopper/text. jsp? doc=Aristoph.+Kn.+214 Perseus]) Knights, line 214-219

„Times change. The vices of your age are stylish today.“

—  Aristophanés
Context: [909] Philosophy: Why, you Precocious Pederast! You Palpable Pervert! [910] Sophistry: Pelt me with roses! [910] Philosophy: You Toadstool! O Cesspool! [911] Sophistry: Wreath my hairs with lilies! [911] Philosophy: Why, you Parricide! [912] Sophistry: Shower me with gold! Look, don't you see I welcome your abuse? [913] Philosophy: Welcome it, monster? In my day we would have cringed with shame. [914] Sophistry: Whereas now we're flattered. Times change. The vices of your age are stylish today. (heavily rewritten and embellished tr. Arrowsmith 1962, p. [http://books. google. com/books? id=UNlxAAAAIAAJ&q;=%22Times+change.+The+vices+of+your+age+are+stylish+today%22 70]) William Arrowsmith (tr.) after Aristophanes, in Clouds, line 914 (our emphasis, citing 909-914) This apocryphal line is found quoted only from the Arrowsmith translation.

„I pained folk but little and caused them much amusement; my conscience rebuked me for nothing.“

—  Aristophanés
Context: Chorus [speaking for Aristophanes]: Yet I have not been seen frequenting the wrestling school intoxicated with success and trying to seduce young boys; but I took all my theatrical gear and returned straight home. I pained folk but little and caused them much amusement; my conscience rebuked me for nothing. Hence both grown men and youths should be on my side and I likewise invite the bald to give me their votes; for, if I triumph, everyone will say, both at table and at festivals, “Carry this to the bald man, give these cakes to the bald one, do not grudge the poet whose talent shines as bright as his own bare skull the share he deserves.” (tr. O'Neill 1938, [http://www. perseus. tufts. edu/hopper/text. jsp? doc=Aristoph.+Peace+762 Perseus]) Peace, line 762-773 (our emphasis on 764) Aristophanes was bald.

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