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Francis Bacon

Date de naissance: 22. janvier 1561
Date de décès: 9. avril 1626
Autres noms:Sir Francis Bacon

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Francis Bacon, né le 22 janvier 1561 à Londres et mort à Highgate près de la même ville en 1626, baron de Verulam, vicomte de St Albans, Chancelier d’Angleterre, est un scientifique et philosophe anglais. Francis Bacon développe dans son œuvre le De dignitate et augmentis scientiarum une théorie empiriste de la connaissance, et il précise les règles de la méthode expérimentale dans le Novum Organum, ce qui fait de lui l’un des pionniers de la pensée scientifique moderne.

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Citations Francis Bacon

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„Antiquitas saeculi juventus mundi. [The age of antiquity is the youth of the world.]“

—  Francis Bacon
Context: Antiquitas saeculi juventus mundi. [The age of antiquity is the youth of the world. ] These times are the ancient times, when the world is ancient, and not those which we account ancient ordine retrogrado, by a computation backward from ourselves. Book I, v, 8

„The other derives axioms from the senses and particulars, rising by a gradual and unbroken ascent, so that it arrives at the most general axioms last of all. This is the true way, but as yet untried.“

—  Francis Bacon
Context: There are and can be only two ways of searching into and discovering truth. The one flies from the senses and particulars to the most general axioms, and from these principles, the truth of which it takes for settled and immovable, proceeds to judgment and to the discovery of middle axioms. And this way is now in fashion. The other derives axioms from the senses and particulars, rising by a gradual and unbroken ascent, so that it arrives at the most general axioms last of all. This is the true way, but as yet untried. Aphorism 19

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„There are four classes of Idols which beset men's minds.“

—  Francis Bacon
Context: There are four classes of Idols which beset men's minds. To these for distinction's sake I have assigned names — calling the first class, Idols of the Tribe; the second, Idols of the Cave; the third, Idols of the Market-Place; the fourth, Idols of the Theater. Aphorism 39

„To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar.“

—  Francis Bacon
Context: To spend too much time in studies is sloth; to use them too much for ornament, is affectation; to make judgment wholly by their rules, is the humor of a scholar. They perfect nature, and are perfected by experience: for natural abilities are like natural plants, that need proyning, by study; and studies themselves, do give forth directions too much at large, except they be bounded in by experience. Of Studies

„The human understanding is of its own nature prone to suppose the existence of more order and regularity in the world than it finds.“

—  Francis Bacon
Context: The human understanding is of its own nature prone to suppose the existence of more order and regularity in the world than it finds. And though there be many things in nature which are singular and unmatched, yet it devises for them parallels and conjugates and relatives which do not exist. Hence the fiction that all celestial bodies move in perfect circles, spirals and dragons being (except in name) utterly rejected. Aphorism 45

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